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Tuesday, 17th October 2017

Brief summary: Just about every AI advance you have heard of depends on a breakthrough that is three decades old. Keeping up the pace of progress will require confronting AI’s serious limitations.

Progress in AI seems like it's accelerating, but here's why it could be plateauing

Adam Detour I'm standing in what is soon to be the center of the world, or is perhaps just a very large room on the seventh floor of a gleaming tower in downtown Toronto. Showing me around is Jordan Jacobs, who cofounded this place: the nascent Vector Institute, which opens its doors this fall and which is aiming to become the global epicenter of artificial intelligence.

Monday, 16th October 2017

Brief summary: The article, written by musician David Byrne, explores a different side of what the impact of technology on humankind might be. Byrne expresses his fears of human interaction getting lost through the increased offer of virtual and augmented reality.

Former Talking Heads frontman says consumer tech is working against what it means to be human

I have a theory that much recent tech development and innovation over the last decade or so has an unspoken overarching agenda. It has been about creating the possibility of a world with less human interaction. This tendency is, I suspect, not a bug-it's a feature.

Thursday, 12th October 2017

Brief summary: Adidas ist einer der grössten Sportartikelhersteller und auch einer der grössten Schuhproduzenten der Welt. Bisher werden solche Sportschuhe aufgrund des hohen Anteils handwerklicher Arbeiten fast ausschliesslich in Südostasien hergestellt. Nun hat Adidas eine hochautomatisierte Fabrik in Deutschland eröffnet, die mit einem Bruchteil der Arbeiter viel mehr Schuhe mit höherer Qualität herstellt. Wegen der wenigen Arbeitskräfte wird ein etwaiger Lohnkostennachteil negiert.

Adidas lässt Schuhe vom Roboter fertigen

Adidas eröffnet zusammen mit seinem Technologiepartner Oechsler erstmals wieder eine Fabrik in Deutschland. Die Fabrik in Franken ist hoch automatisiert - und soll vor allem schnell sein. Am Ende des Feldwegs hinter dem hohen Maisfeld fängt die Zukunft an. Hier, im Industriegebiet von Brodswinden, einem Ortsteil von Ansbach in Mittelfranken, steht eine sehr neue, sehr weiße Fabrikhalle.

Wednesday, 11th October 2017

Brief summary: Swiss-based start-up Sophia Genetics found a way to use artificial intelligence to diagnose cancer. Founded in 2011 as part of the Science Park of EPFL, Sofia Genetics is now based in Saint-Sulpice, and collaborates with hospitals all over the world. Since the costs and duration of the AI diagnosis are significantly lower compared to the standard procedure, this might be the future of medicine.

Swiss data analytics company Sophia Genetics could be Switzerland's next unicorn

Big Data is becoming increasingly relevant for the healthcare industry, and although it raises new challenges for data protection and data analytics, the potential for diagnostics is huge. Launched in 2011, Sophia Genetics is a Swiss-based analytics company that is using AI to accelerate diagnostics in oncology, hereditary cancer, metabolic disorders, pediatrics and cardiology via DNA sequencing, and could be the tiny mountainous country's next big win in the tech industry.

Tuesday, 10th October 2017

Brief summary: Rutger Bregman, one of Europe's most prominent young thinkers and author of 'Utopia for Realists: The Case for a Universal Basic Income, Open Borders and a 15-hour Workweek', shares his arguments for a limitation of our working hours. Apart from reducing stress and increasing our creativity, a 15-hour workweek could prevent environmental damage and human errors.

How working less could solve all our problems. Really.

Had you asked the greatest economist of the 20th century what the biggest challenge of the 21st would be, he wouldn't have had to think twice. Leisure. In the summer of 1930, just as the Great Depression was gathering momentum, British economist John Maynard Keynes gave a curious lecture in Madrid titled "Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren" - in other words, for us.

Monday, 9th October 2017

Brief summary: Mark Zuckerberg is conducting a tour of the 50 states in the United States. During his speech in Alaska he talked about the Universal Basic Income, as this state provides a similar policy. However, is it the right answer to the current threat or just a way to satisfy the hidden agenda of Mr Zuckerberg?

Mark Zuckerberg's got some cheek, advocating a universal basic income | Sonia Sodha

Some people might be happy to stop at being founder and chief of one of the world's biggest tech companies while still in their early 30s. Not Mark Zuckerberg. Facebook's CEO has spent the last couple of years casting himself in various guises.

Friday, 6th October 2017

Brief summary: Telemarketers and accountants beware. Personal trainers, dentists and the clergy are unlikely to disappear any time soon. Previous technological innovation has always delivered more long-run employment, not less. But things can change.

The future of work

What qualities do superstar companies possess? GENERAL ELECTRIC, THE product of an alliance between Thomas Edison, America's greatest inventor, and J.P. Morgan, its greatest banker, was the technology superstar of the early 20th century.

Thursday, 5th October 2017

Brief summary: Radhika Nagpal is a computer scientist who researches the functioning of collective systems in nature, such as bees, fishes and ants, to apply it to artificial intelligence. Her self-organizing robotic systems work without a leader to build two- or three-dimensional patterns according to their own collective intelligence. These robots could in the future not only construct buildings, but act as substitutes to bees, fishes and ants in order to protect the environment.

Radhika Nagpal: What intelligent machines can learn from a school of fish

Science fiction visions of the future show us AI built to replicate our way of thinking -- but what if we modeled it instead on the other kinds of intelligence found in nature? Robotics engineer Radhika Nagpal studies the collective intelligence displayed by insects and fish schools, seeking to understand their rules of engagement.

Wednesday, 4th October 2017

Brief summary: Durch innovative Software, die nicht nur Textbausteine sinnvoll zusammensetzen, sondern auch Sprachstil und Ausdruck variieren kann, wird es möglich, Journalisten zu ersetzen. Solche Roboterjournalisten werden mit den jeweiligen Daten gefüttert und kreieren Artikel, welche schnell veröffentlicht werden können. Allerdings ist es bisher fraglich, ob und inwiefern diese Maschinen auf unvorhergesehene Ereignisse angemessen reagieren können.

Automatisierter Journalismus: Nehmen Roboter Journalisten den Job weg?

oboter sind auf dem Vormarsch. In Amazons Lagerhallen sortieren sie schon Waren. In japanischen Krankenhäusern ersetzen Roboter Krankenschwestern. Und bald werden Roboterautos im Straßenverkehr unterwegs sein. Seit geraumer Zeit schreiben Roboter sogar Artikel. Als am 17.März 2014 in Los Angeles die Erde bebte, dauerte es nur drei Minuten, bis die „Los Angeles Times" die erste Meldung publizierte.

Tuesday, 3rd October 2017

Brief summary: Experts of different fields and backgrounds share their views on how humankind will stay relevant while artificial intelligence is evolving at great speed. These specialists are Tesla founder Elon Musk, professor Panagiotis Artemiadis, neuroscientist Miguel Nicolelis and professor Paul Sajda. Having different visions of the future of AI, they get to different solutions of how to make use of these new technologies and what their prospective role will be.

Elon Musk says humans must become cyborgs to stay relevant. Is he right?

Humans must become cyborgs if they are to stay relevant in a future dominated by artificial intelligence. That was the warning from Tesla founder Elon Musk, speaking at an event in Dubai this weekend. Musk argued that as artificial intelligence becomes more sophisticated, it will lead to mass unemployment.

Monday, 2nd October 2017

Brief summary: Many sectors are affected by artificial intelligence, since many of the tasks jobs consist of can be routinized and therefore performed by machines, according to Richard and Daniel Susskind. This article reveals how the agricultural sector makes use of AI through a revolutionary UK-based initiative called Hands Free Hectare. Earlier this month, the three founders of the initiative were the first people in the world to grow, tend, and harvest a crop without direct human intervention.

A Field Farmed Only by Drones

Across the United Kingdom, the last of the spring barley has been brought in from the fields, the culmination of an agricultural calendar whose rhythm has remained unchanged for millennia. But when the nineteenth-century poet John Clare wrote, in his month-by-month description of the rural year, that in September "harvest's busy hum declines," it seems unlikely that he was imagining the particular buzz-akin to an amplified mosquito-of a drone.

Tuesday, 26th September 2017

Brief summary: Garry Kasparov, a famous Russian chess player, provides insights on how humanity must deal with current developments in artificial intelligence. Kasparov lost a memorable match to IBM supercomputer Deep Blue in 1997 and now recounts this experience and how it might impact our perception of machines being more intelligent than man.

Don't fear intelligent machines. Work with them | Garry Kasparov

We must face our fears if we want to get the most out of technology -- and we must conquer those fears if we want to get the best out of humanity, says Garry Kasparov. One of the greatest chess players in history, Kasparov lost a memorable match to IBM supercomputer Deep Blue in 1997.

Tuesday, 26th September 2017

Brief summary: Aufgrund des zunehmenden Fortschritts in der Entwicklung autonomer Fahrzeuge werden Diskussionen zu deren ethischer Entscheidungsfähigkeit geführt. Jedoch ist es womöglich konstruktiver, diese Fahrzeuge nicht nach ungewissen menschlichen Moralvorstellungen zu programmieren, sondern vielmehr den Risikofaktor Mensch im Strassenverkehr zu eliminieren.

Mobilität: Autonome Fahrzeuge brauchen keine Ethik-Software | NZZ

Die Diskussionen um ethische Dilemmata bringen die Einführung autonomer Fahrzeuge nicht voran. Im Gegenteil. Die künstlichen Szenarien vermitteln ein gefährlich falsches Bild davon, wie autonomes Fahren funktioniert. Anfangs mutet es wie ein harmloses Computerspiel an: Die stark vereinfachten Zeichnungen auf dem Bildschirm zeigen einen Strassenzug. Ein blaues Auto bewegt sich auf einen Zebrastreifen zu.

Tuesday, 5th September 2017

Brief summary: "Working less should be a central aim of a prosperous and fair society."

Age of automation: what if more work is the problem, not the solution?

The Green Institute argues that shorter hours and a universal basic income would be better than more jobs.

Wednesday, 1st March 2017

Brief summary: "The idea that humans will always have a unique ability beyond the reach of non-conscious algorithms is just wishful thinking."

The rise of the useless class

The most important question in 21st-century economics may well be: What should we do with all the superfluous people, once we have highly intelligent non-conscious algorithms that can do almost everything better than humans? This is not an entirely new question. People have long feared that mechanization might cause mass unemployment.

Tuesday, 28th February 2017

Brief summary: "For centuries the Netherlands has been a byword for liberalism, religious tolerance and openness to trade. The economy is strong and egalitarian compared to most of the world. Yet Wilders has tapped into deep fears among many low-skilled workers over their jobs in a world of rapid technological change – even those who depend on global trade pioneered by the Dutch."

Robots and Immigrants Are the Enemies in Dutch Home of Populism

From the towering offices of Rotterdam's port authority, you can watch the never-ending stream of barges begin their river journeys to the Rhine and points across Europe, carrying anything from Chinese microwave ovens to iron ore from Brazil. The city that spreads below boasts Europe's biggest port, which is dependent upon the globalized economy for its success and 130,000 jobs.

Monday, 20th February 2017

Brief summary: "The speed at which AI moves is based on the amount of behavioural data it consumes, and as APIs facilitate this accumulation of customer data, open banking is going to drive the development of better (or more ubiquitous) AI solutions."

State of Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Fintech

As new technologies emerge, they tend to enhance the existing ecosystem by converging with other technologies, eventually transforming various industries. Within the realm of Fintech, the two technologies that are on the verge of transforming it are Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Thuesday, 14th February 2017

Brief summary: "In the US, the number of manufacturing jobs peaked in 1979 and has steadily decreased ever since. At the same time, manufacturing has steadily increased, with the US now producing more goods than any other country but China. Machines aren’t just taking the place of humans on the assembly line. They’re doing a better job."

The AI Threat Isn't Skynet. It's the End of the Middle Class

In February 1975, a group of geneticists gathered in a tiny town on the central coast of California to decide if their work would bring about the end of the world.

Wednesday, 8th February 2017

Brief summary: "How long will it be before you lose your job to a robot?"

Our Automated Future

There are many accounts of the genesis of Watson. The most popular, which is not necessarily the most accurate-and this is the sort of problem that Watson himself often stumbled on-begins in 2004, at a steakhouse near Poughkeepsie. One evening, an I.B.M.

Tuesday, 7th February 2017

Brief summary: "Executives of the nation's biggest corporations fear that major disruption is on the horizon."

Companies Brace for Decade of Disruption From AI

Now that many executives are finding measurable results from their Big Data initiatives, they are looking ahead and making decisions about investments in emerging capabilities such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. Executives of the nation's biggest corporations fear that major disruption is on the horizon.

Monday, 23rd January 2017

Brief summary: It's like we live in a game of Monopoly but we're no longer collecting money for passing Go. A universal basic income would correct this, writes Scott Santens.

Why we should all have a basic income

It's like we live in a game of Monopoly but we're no longer collecting money for passing Go. A universal basic income would correct this, writes Scott Santens.

Wednesday, 11th January 2017

Brief summary: Companies selling the magical speed, omnipotence, and neutrality of artificial intelligence (AI) often can’t make good on their promises without keeping people in the loop, often working invisibly in the background. A closer look whether AI is truly artificial or not.

The Humans Working Behind the AI Curtain

Just how artificial is Artificial Intelligence? Facebook created a PR firestorm last summer when reporters discovered a human “editorial team” – rather than just unbiased algorithms – selecting stories for its trending topics section.