Your Daily Read

Article of the day

Friday, 23rd February 2018

Brief summary: Usually when talking about what we strive for in our lives, Maslow's hierarchy of needs provides the base for the psychological background. But as HBR now states, Facebook employees consider career, community and cause to be the most important factors in a working environment. And these findings might not only be true for Facebook, but all employees.

The 3 Things Employees Really Want: Career, Community, Cause

Executive Summary If Abraham Maslow's famous hierarchy of needs were redesigned today to explain what motivates people at work, beyond the survival basics, what would it look like? Facebook set out to answer that question by examining responses to the workforce survey it conducts twice a year.

Thursday, 22nd February 2018

Brief summary: The truck driving industry with nearly 100 percent turnover per year, 18-hour days and a shortage of employees usually first comes to mind, when talking about automation. But experts from the industry insist on being cautious about making such bold statements, since the work of a trucker includes far more than just driving. Which other industries might have need to be reassessed when it comes to their potential of being automated?

Could Self-Driving Trucks Be Good for Truckers?

"If you believe the [automation] narrative that's out there today, it is especially counterintuitive," Woodrow says, "because the more self-driving trucks you have and the higher utilization they have, the more jobs it creates." This is not the story that's prevailed in the last couple of years.

Wednesday, 21st February 2018

Brief summary: Although automation and the fear of job loss due to artificial intelligence has been around for some years now, it has not yet been included into the political agenda. New York businessman Andrew Young now seeks the Democrat’s presidential nomination by running a campaign on the issue of technological development and its impact on jobs. Will the issue find its way into the political agenda and will it win the majority of voters?

His 2020 Campaign Message: The Robots Are Coming

Alarmist? Sure. But Mr. Yang's doomsday prophecy echoes the concerns of a growing number of labor economists and tech experts who are worried about the coming economic consequences of automation. A 2017 report by McKinsey & Company, the consulting firm, concluded that by 2030 - three presidential terms from now - as many as one-third of American jobs may disappear because of automation.

Tuesday, 20th February 2018

Brief summary: Interestingly, China might soon outperform the US when it comes to the development of artificial intelligence. After having surpassed the phase of trying to copy US-American tech products for the Chinese market, Chinese start-ups now develop and create their own AI-related technology. But this might raise new questions concerning the future of jobs in China.

Tech companies should stop pretending AI won't destroy jobs

I took an Uber to an artificial-­intelligence conference at MIT one recent morning, and the driver asked me how long it would take for autonomous vehicles to take away his job. I told him it would happen in about 15 to 20 years. He breathed a sigh of relief.

Monday, 19th February 2018

Brief summary: One huge issue with artificial intelligence (AI) that has yet to be solved is its explanatory power. Similar to decisions made by humans, AI cannot explain how it came to a decision and which processes led to the outcome. But this might be the key to making AI trustworthy, since all we can see at the moment is a black box taking decisions we sometimes cannot fully comprehend.

For artificial intelligence to thrive, it must explain itself

SCIENCE fiction is littered with examples of intelligent computers, from HAL 9000 in "2001: A Space Odyssey" to Eddie in "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". One thing such fictional machines have in common is a tendency to go wrong, to the detriment of the characters in the story.

Friday, 9th February 2018

Brief summary: Convenience seems to increasingly define our society mostly through technologies that promise to make our lives easier. Since the late 20th century, convenience has been the purpose of the tech industry's products, but its effects might not always be good. Through technologies, that facilitate daily life, we get used to taking the easy path instead of trying hard. Where will this lead us as a society?

Opinion | The Tyranny of Convenience

Americans say they prize competition, a proliferation of choices, the little guy. Yet our taste for convenience begets more convenience, through a combination of the economics of scale and the power of habit. The easier it is to use Amazon, the more powerful Amazon becomes - and thus the easier it becomes to use Amazon.

Thursday, 8th February 2018

Brief summary: Thomas More, Bertrand Russell, Milton Friedman and Martin Luther King Jr. all have at some point referred to and supported the concept of a basic income. The concept is currently being discussed in various countries around the globe such as Canada, Finland and Switzerland. But is it the right way to guarantee equality considering that we aren’t yet running out of jobs and that we will not be able to foresee its effects?

Why providing everyone with a basic income is a terrible idea

Matt Krisiloff is in a small, glass-walled conference room off the lobby of Y Combinator's office in San Francisco's South of Market neighborhood, shouting distance from some of the country's wealthiest startups, many of which Y Combinator has nurtured and helped fund.

Wednesday, 7th February 2018

Brief summary: There are many emerging technologies and MIT Technology Review has collected the most promising ones of 2017. One of them was Grégoire Courtines brain implant, which could cure spinal cord injuries through electrical stimulation. The EPFL professor and his team are confident that the experiments they have conducted on animals will one day cure humans too, it’s just a matter of time.

A brain implant is helping a paralyzed monkey walk again

" Go, go!" was the thought racing through Grégoire Courtine's mind. The French neuroscientist was watching a macaque monkey as it hunched aggressively at one end of a treadmill. His team had used a blade to slice halfway through the animal's spinal cord, paralyzing its right leg.

Tuesday, 6th February 2018

Brief summary: The developers of driverless cars have a huge problem to solve before being able to enter the market. Although the underlying technology works, the power an autonomous cars needs for its sensors is still high. Thus, it is still a long way to go until we can finally see driverless technology in everyday life.

Self-Driving Cars Use Crazy Amounts of Power, and It's Becoming a Problem

For longtime residents of Pittsburgh, seeing self-driving cars built by Uber, Argo AI, and others roam their streets is nothing new. The city's history with robot cars goes back to the late 1980s, when students at Carnegie Mellon University caught the occasional glimpse of a strange vehicle lumbering across campus.

Monday, 5th February 2018

Brief summary: A new trend in the working world is telecommuting. But which implications are connected to working from home from the perspective of the employee but also from the company's point of view? Our social skills might suffer as well as our loyalty towards our employer, which necessarily brings up the question of how feasible this model is and how management must change to make it work.

What if you never saw your colleagues in person again?

In our new Augmented Reality column, BBC Capital will explore scenarios you might encounter in your not-so-distant future. First, we're going to look at what would happen if your 40-hour workweek were entirely devoid of other people. Throughout my career I've worked with people that I've never met in person.

Friday, 2nd February 2018

Brief summary: In her book "Brotopia: Breaking Up the Boys’ Club of Silicon Valley" Emily Chang explores Silicon Valley's history with regards to women. From Playboy model Lena Söderberg being the first JPEG to Google's efforts on hiring women in top-level positions, the tech industry's relation to gender equality has always been difficult. Chang explains why and what needs to be changed to get the women back into this industry.

Businessweek - Bloomberg

Bloomberg Businessweek helps global leaders stay ahead with insights and in-depth analysis on the people, companies, events, and trends shaping today's complex, global economy

Thursday, 1st February 2018

Brief summary: Many manufacturing jobs in developed countries were lost in the course of globalisation. This gave rise to populist movements around the world because peoples' fear for their jobs increased. Now that artificial intelligence is on the rise and might even replace many more jobs, the question of how populism will develop necessarily arises.

Is the Populist Revolt Over? Not if Robots Have Their Way

Immigration pressures are likely to persist across the Atlantic, continuing to drive the populist revolt against the establishment elite in Europe. But in the United States, the population of unauthorized immigrants is declining, disproving one of Mr. Trump's core claims to power.

Wedneday, 31st January 2018

Brief summary: Architecture has always been an influential part of innovation and inevitably makes us think about the future. In this moving TED-Talk architect Michael Murphy explains his latest projects in developing countries and how architecture has an impact on our life that goes beyond buildings.

Architecture that's built to heal | Michael Murphy

Architecture is more than a clever arrangement of bricks. In this eloquent talk, Michael Murphy shows how he and his team look far beyond the blueprint when they're designing. Considering factors from airflow to light, theirs is a holistic approach that produces community as well as (beautiful) buildings.

Tuesday, 30th January 2018

Brief summary: Da man mit Blick auf die Zukunft oft über Innovation spricht, sollte man sich ein klares Bild davon machen, was dieser Begriff bedeutet und wie verschieden er aufgefasst werden kann. ETH-Professor und Gründer des Think Tanks W.I.R.E. Stefan Sigrist schreibt in seinem Artikel über die ganzheitliche Betrachtung von Innovation und dass wir diese nicht nur mit Bezug zu Technologie verstehen sollten.

No 11 - DER SCHEIN DES NEUEN - Thesen zum Mythos Innovation - Abstrakt - W.I.R.E.

Innovation gilt als Grundvoraussetzung für wirtschaftliches Wachstum und Wohlstand. Das Streben nach kontinuierlicher Erneuerung führt dabei zur Annahme, wir würden in einem Goldenen Zeitalter der Innovation leben. Tatsächlich kommen laufend neue Produkte auf den Markt. Allerdings ist manches, was uns als bahnbrechender Durchbruch angepriesen wird, blosse Scheinerneuerung - ein bestehendes Produkt, durch etwas Marketing aufpoliert.

Monday, 29th January 2018

Brief summary: In its latest report, the WEF calls for a global reskilling in order to prevent too many job losses in the future. In this article there are the six reasons on how reskilling will improve the future of work.

6 reasons to be optimistic about the future of work

The average American worker has no fewer than 48 new career pathways to choose from, says a new report on the future of work.

Friday, 26th January 2018

Brief summary: KSS Architects collected some interesting statements of various companies on how the future of work might look like and which values will become more important. This provides an overview on different visions of the future and how companies are already trying to adapt.

What is the future of work? 50 companies on how work is shifting

For a great section of history, work has been about subsistence - shelter, food, money. But now, as we begin to experience a world shaped by new technologies where there is enough wealth to provide for the subsistence of all, work will shift - it will become about something entirely different - it will become about meaning.

Thursday, 25th January 2018

Brief summary: Although quite long, this well researched article precisely explains the dilemma of the internet and the structure it is based on. It goes beyond the hype around Bitcoin and its apparent success story to explore why cryptocurrencies might be part of the solution to decentralize the web and thus secure our private data.

Beyond the Bitcoin Bubble

To see how enormous but also invisible the benefits of such protocols have been, imagine that one of those key standards had not been developed: for instance, the open standard we use for defining our geographic location, GPS. Originally developed by the United States military, the Global Positioning System was first made available for civilian use during the Reagan administration.

Wednesday, 24th January 2018

Brief summary: Why do we work and why do we want to work? In this stunning TED-talk, author Dan Ariely explores human's search for meaning in our work and which factors significantly contribute to our motivation.

Dan Ariely: What makes us feel good about our work?

What motivates us to work? Contrary to conventional wisdom, it isn't just money. But it's not exactly joy either. It seems that most of us thrive by making constant progress and feeling a sense of purpose. Behavioral economist Dan Ariely presents two eye-opening experiments that reveal our unexpected and nuanced attitudes toward meaning in our work.

Tuesday, 23rd January 2018

Brief summary: Zum Auftakt des 48. World Economic Forum listet die NZZ 48 Fakten und Anekdoten zu dieser Konferenz auf. Wie zum Beispiel, dass 21 Prozent der gut 3000 Teilnehmenden Frauen sind, genauso viele wie 2017. Unter ihnen sind die norwegische Präsidentin Erna Solberg, Sheryl Sandberg, COO von Facebook, und Diane Greene, CEO von Google Cloud.

48 Fakten und Anekdoten zum 48. WEF | NZZ

Welche Regierungschefs den Weg ans WEF finden, weshalb der Sänger Elton John ins Landwassertal reist, und warum "Davos" dem WEF gehört - all das und viele weitere Fakten und Anekdoten lesen Sie hier. 1. Das World Economic Forum 2018 findet vom 23. bis 26. Januar statt.

Monday, 22nd January 2018

Brief summary: The first Amazon Go shop, the concept of which was alreday introducted in 2016 and which was set to open in 2017, has now opened in Seattle. By downloading the app, customers can walk into the store, collect the groceries they need and leave without stopping by a counter.

Amazon to (finally) open no-checkout store in Seattle

Customers must scan the Amazon Go app upon entering the store. Sensors will then track their movements and charge shoppers' Amazon accounts for the items they grab.Customers just walk out of the store. No cashiers needed. Amazon Go's offerings include groceries, ready-to-eat meals, cold drinks and meal prep kits.

Friday, 19th January 2018

Brief summary: The U.S. Army’s Chief of Staff has recently demanded the adoption of new technologies such as artificial intelligence and driverless vehicles. But replacing humans with machines would have completely different moral implications in the military as compared to the business world.

Army Chief Wants Robotic Vehicles, AI for Future Battles

The U.S. Army's chief of staff said Wednesday the service's future combat vehicles and helicopters will need to serve in both manned and unmanned roles to meet commanders' needs. Gen.

Thursday, 18th January 2018

Brief summary: Researchers have developed an algorithm, which could help public institutions to resettle refugees more successfully. The algorithm was trained on historical data of different countries and learned a pattern to integrate refugees and thus add value to society. This could be a significant improvement to today's random resettlement.

Could an algorithm help find the right place to resettle refugees?

Researchers have created an algorithm that they claim can find the best location to resettle a refugee in any given country, improving an individual's chances of getting a job by as much as 70 percent. The algorithm, which has yet to be tested in the real world, is trained on historical data of resettlements.

Wednesday, 17th January 2018

Brief summary: Nobel laureate Daniel Kahnemann explains in this transcribed speech, how flawed human decisions are most of the time and that artificial intelligence (AI) might be significantly better at most tasks. His very radical prediction goes even as far as AI being able to do everything better than humans.

Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman on AI: 'It's very difficult to imagine that with sufficient data there will remain things that only humans can do' - AEI

Daniel Kahneman is a Nobel laureate famous for his research into how cognitive biases or quirks lead us to make irrational decisions. Given that background, I was fascinated to run across a video (courtesy of economist Joshua Gans, who writes for the Digitopoly blog) of Kahneman speaking recently at a University of Toronto conference on the economics of artificial intelligence.

Tuesday, 16th January 2018

Brief summary: The article briefly elaborates on the economic mechanisms that might have an effect on how the Future of Work will look like. Different economists and historians give an insight into their - quite optimistic - view on how automation will affect our future.

Automation and anxiety

SITTING IN AN office in San Francisco, Igor Barani calls up some medical scans on his screen. He is the chief executive of Enlitic, one of a host of startups applying deep learning to medicine, starting with the analysis of images such as X-rays and CT scans.

Monday, 15th January 2018

Brief summary: We often tend to forget about developing countries while discussing The Future of Work. New technologies replacing human workers will have significant and completely different consequences for a country like India. While India is trying (and close) to catch up with Western economies, automation might hinder its success.

​​​​​​​Can Indian Manufacturing Be the Next Chinese Manufacturing?

The country has quietly become the world's sixth-biggest auto producer. But it'll need to do better if it's to join the top tier of global powers.

Friday, 12th January 2018

Brief summary: While we often talk about the jobs that might disappear due to artificial intelligence, robots, and computers, we rarely speculate about which jobs might be created. This article nicely summarizes some jobs, that might grow or even arise because of new technologies.

Five jobs that are set to grow in 2018

The future of work is going to be determined by artificial intelligence and automation. These technologies will eliminate some jobs, but they will also create new opportunities and greater demand for the jobs that humans still do best. We decided to shine the spotlight on five positions you will see much more of on job boards in 2018.

Thursday, 11th January 2018

Brief summary: After Silicon Valley and other start-ups have had success with their new approaches to technology and business models, it is now time for conventional firms to invest in a business strategy that covers digital products. While it first was only a trend to invest in a digital strategy, 2018 might be the year for new technology to become too important to ignore.

2018 will be the year that big, incumbent companies take on big tech

ACCORDING to Ginni Rometty, IBM's boss, the digital revolution has two phases. In the first, Silicon Valley firms make all the running as they create new markets and eviscerate weak firms in sleepy industries. This has been the story until now.

Wednesday, 10th January 2018

Brief summary: Sweden's approach to addressing its population's fear of automation with government policies seems to be successful. The majority of the Swedish people views the rise of robots and artificial intelligence as something positive, whereas US-Americans are mostly afraid of the new technologies.

The Robots Are Coming, and Sweden Is Fine

Eighty percent of Swedes express positive views about robots and artificial intelligence, according to a survey this year by the European Commission. By contrast, a survey by the Pew Research Center found that 72 percent of Americans were "worried" about a future in which robots and computers substitute for humans.

Tuesday, 9th January 2018

Brief summary: An article for everyone who has ever wondered, what a text written by an artificial intelligence trained program looks like. The Economist trained a computer to write a piece based on the magazines style and most frequently covered topics and it shows what AI currently can and cannot do.

How soon will computers replace The Economist's writers?

THE machines are coming. A much-cited study in 2013 concluded that half of American jobs were at risk in the coming decades. Writers are not immune. Another paper, which surveyed researchers into artificial intelligence (AI), concluded that computers would be writing school essays by the mid-2020s and churning out bestselling books by the 2040s.

Monday, 8th January 2018

Brief summary: Other cryptocurrencies have emerged alongside bitcoin which might become even more successful than the hyped digital currency. San Francisco-based company Ripple is one of Bitcoins competitors with connections to banks such as Santander, Bank of America and UBS.

What is ripple? Here's why everyone's talking about the cryptocurrency

In recent weeks, ripple's value has spiked, making it the second most valuable digital currency and bringing it newfound attention. The relatively obscure cryptocurrency, also known as XRP, is now worth about $2.60 with a market cap of more than $100 billion, according to Coinmarketcap. In early December, it was trading at just 25 cents.

Friday, 5th January 2018

Brief summary: One great fear connected to the rise of artificial intelligence is the companies’ strive to increase efficiency and thus replacing humans by machines. But according to Cathy Engelbert, CEO of Deloitte US, and John Hagel, Founder of the Center for the Edge, the interests of companies and workers are more aligned. What if businesses focused less on efficiency and more on helping people to cultivate the skills needed to succeed in the future?

Fulfilling the Promise of AI Requires Rethinking the Nature of Work Itself

Executive Summary Everywhere today the news confronts us with deeply held fears of AI and automation. Coverage often focuses on the job loss and social unrest that are viewed as likely to follow. But thinking of AI only as an efficiency-booster and job-killer will be bad for businesses.

Thursday, 4th January 2018

Brief summary: The blog article argues that rapid change caused by exponentially advancing technology and digitization need to be addressed through changing organizational structures. Although great leadership might have a significant impact, it is even more important to create an environment for creative and fast solutions to arising problems in order to increase a company's adaptability.

Five reasons why new forms of organizing and digitalization go hand in hand

Without any doubt, we live through a renaissance of organization design as a discipline. Organizations large and small engage in organizational experiments. Radical new models emerge, are refined and adopted - be it self-management models like Holacracy, the responsive org movement, network organiza

Wednesday, 3rd January 2018

Brief summary: Der Gastkommentar von Schriftsteller und Internetexperte Peter Glaser fasst sowohl positive als auch negative Stimmen in Bezug auf die Entwicklungen von künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen. Die grösste Gefahr sieht Glaser in einem bald stattfindenden Rüstungswettlauf der grossen Nationen um die Vorherrschaft bei dieser Technologie.

Die Verwandlung der Utopie in Waffentechnologie | NZZ

China strebt nach der Weltherrschaft im Bereich künstliche Intelligenz. Damit beginnt ein technologischer und moralischer Rüstungswettlauf. Eigentlich war es eine gute Nachricht für Amerika, global besehen befand die "New York Times" allerdings: "Es sieht nicht gut aus für die Menschheit."

Happy New Year!

Friday, 15th December 2017

Brief summary: Richard Lightbound, der CEO von Robo Global EMEA erklärt in einem Interview die neuen Anlagemöglichkeiten, welche durch die Robotics Industrie entstehen, und seiner Meinung nach viele Möglichkeiten bieten. 2013 schuf er den ersten Robo­tik-, Automations- und AI-­Index.

Robotics: "Die Möglichkeiten sind grenzenlos" - Bilanz

Die Finanzindustrie sucht ständig nach neuen Trends. Angesagt sind derzeit Robotics. Ist das nur Marketing oder ein Trend mit Potenzial? Das ­Investoreninteresse ist phänomenal, und das zu Recht. Heute ist der Markt für Robotics 64 Milliarden Dollar gross, 2025 werden es 1200 Milliarden sein. Wie kommt es zu dem riesigen Sprung?

Thursday, 14th December 2017

Brief summary: In order to adapt education to the current technological developments teachers should include technology into their teaching. This can easily be done through apps, software or tutorials that children can access during their classes and then even teach each other about certain issues.

7 smart ways to use technology in classrooms

Many schools and teachers have an uneasy relationship with technology: they decry its power to distract young people but see it as a necessary evil to be tolerated, or at least strictly limited.

Wednesday, 13th December 2017

Brief summary: One human skill machines might currently not be able to replicate is creativity. Still, many artists consider neural networks interesting and exotic pieces in their artworks and develop different techniques to include technology in their oeuvre.

The Work of Art in the Age of Algorithmic Reproduction

As artificial intelligence seeps into our lives, artists are exploring AI both as a tool and in its impact on our humanness. Anna Ridler's Fall of the House of Usher unspools, rooms and bodies spreading half-seen across the frames of this 12-minute film like gossamer.

Tuesday, 12th December 2017

Brief summary: When we think of technology for the elderly, we usually consider it an aid to ensure their health. However, as the article explains, the elderly's consumer needs might be far from seeking health related technology which the tech industry currently fails to realize. If an aging population is the future, it might be of great importance to include everyone in technological advancement and make it accessible to the older generation.

Why Businesses Misunderstand Old People

A counterfactual narrative of aging blinds marketers to the real desires of retirees.

Monday, 11th December 2017

Brief summary: MIT Media Lab founder Nicholas Negroponte takes us on a journey through 30 years of technology and seemingly absurd predictions about it. Finally, he proves how questionable predictions have come true and what the next 30 years might hold for us when it comes to innovation.

Nicholas Negroponte: Eine 30-jährige Geschichte der Zukunft

Der MIT Media Lab-Gründer Nicholas Negroponte nimmt Sie mit auf eine Reise durch die letzten 30 Jahre der Technikgeschichte. Der erfahrene Weissager hebt Schnittstellen und Innovationen hervor, die er in den 1970er und 1980er Jahren voraussah, die damals verspottet wurden, aber heute allgegenwärtig sind. Und schließlich verlässt er Sie mit einer letzten (absurden?

Friday, 8th December 2017

Brief summary: Since the year is coming to an end, it is interesting to look back on the development of tech industry. As this article argues, 2017 has been a turning point of the industry regarding its view of responsibility towards society. More and more tech companies slowly accept their influence on societal issues and do not refuse to take responsibility anymore.

How 2017 Became a Turning Point for Tech Giants

For years, despite their growing power, tech platforms rarely garnered much scrutiny, and they were often loathe to accept how much their systems affected the real world. Indeed, the online ethos has been that platforms aren't really responsible for how people use them.

Thursday, 7th December 2017

Brief summary: Estonia being the first fully digitized republic, its government provides some insights on how such a society functions and which advantages come with digitization. Furthermore, Estonia has the lowest business-tax rates in the European Union, and has become known for liberal regulations around tech research.

Estonia, the Digital Republic

Up the Estonian coast, a five-lane highway bends with the path of the sea, then breaks inland, leaving cars to follow a thin road toward the houses at the water's edge. There is a gated community here, but it is not the usual kind.

Wednesday, 6th December 2017

Brief summary: Another interesting article about the susceptibility of jobs and how artificial intelligence will influence our lives, especially when it comes to concrete career plans. However, it is remarkable how opinions differ regarding such subjects and how this journalist has yet another view related to a different approach on research.

Will Robots Take Our Children's Jobs?

But that job is suddenly looking iffy as A.I. gets better at reading scans. A start-up called Arterys, to cite just one example, already has a program that can perform a magnetic-resonance imaging analysis of blood flow through a heart in just 15 seconds, compared with the 45 minutes required by humans.

Tuesday, 5th December 2017

Brief summary: With the increasing growth of population cities face more and more challenges when it comes to their planning. Although new technologies might be part of the solution, they will not address every problem, as Dean of the IE School of Architecture and Design Martha Thorne elaborates.

Cities of the Future: Challenges of Architecture and Design - Corporate Relations

More than half of the world's population already lives in urban areas, where architecture dovetails with design to make great contributions through urban services, the environment, and public spaces. Is this why the transformation of cities is getting so much attention now?

Monday, 4th December 2017

Brief summary: The following article not only describes how imminent the problem of biased software is, but what impact gender inequality has on new technologies. Since only a minority of tech employees in Silicon Valley are women, many of its products lack certain features designed for women. But the problem of inequality goes even further.

Why we desperately need women to design AI - freeCodeCamp

At the moment, only about 12-15% of the engineers who are building the internet and its software are women. Here are a couple examples that illustrate why this is such a big a problem: Do you remember when Apple released its health app a few years ago?

Friday, 1st December 2017

Brief summary: The article examines the kind of professions that have been created relating to new technologies and how these professions might be the future. However, many problems are still associated with such jobs that need to be considered.

How machine learning creates new professions - and problems

It is not often that a new profession springs up almost overnight. It is also unusual for many of the people who find their way into this new field to do it without the formal training provided by the normal institutions of higher education.

Thursday, 30th November 2017

Brief summary: Apparently, Norway has a quite dynamic and successful startup scene as well as other Scandinavian countries, where a lot of capital is now invested in tech startups. Norwegian experts elaborate on what makes the Northern countries so successful when it comes to innovative technologies and the importance of sustainability and what future developments might look like.

World's happiest country is becoming a startup mecca

But one cityknown for the maritime industry is emerging as one of the fast-growing tech scenes outside the U.S. Oslo, Norway's capital city, experienced a 160% uptick in startup investments in the past year, according to Oslo's 2017 State of the City report. That's the second biggest jump in the Nordic region behind Sweden, up 171%.

Wednesday, 29th November 2017

Brief summary: Humanoide Roboter üben nicht nur aufgrund ihrer Ähnlichkeit mit dem Menschen eine besondere Faszination aus, ihr immer grösser werdendes Repertoire an Fähigkeiten schürt Ängste über die Ersetzbarkeit menschlicher Arbeitskräfte. In diesem Artikel werden die grössten Errungenschaften in der Entwicklung humanoider Roboter beleuchtet und wie sich diese auf die Zukunft auswirken könnten.

Humanoide Roboter: Mit Kollegen Hiro am Fließband

Es klingt wie Science-Fiction, aber wir werden es bald erleben: Humanoide Roboter, die Seite an Seite mit Menschen in Werkshallen arbeiten, Alte pflegen, beim Einkaufen helfen. Die Technik ist so weit, die Gesetzeslage noch nicht. von Josef Urschitz Er ist 174 Zentimeter groß, 130 Kilogramm schwer und hört auf den Namen Hiro.

Tuesday, 28th November 2017

Brief summary: Annamarya Scaccia, a freelance journalist, gives a deep and very honest insight on what workaholism feels like and thus how work can completely define us up to a point where we even get addicted. She describes how her identity is defined by the way she works and, by this, provides yet another opinion on our purpose in life.

I Can't Stop Myself-But I Don't Know If I Want To - Anxy Magazine - Medium

By Annamarya Scaccia My son stands in front of me in his diaper, a red-and-white striped shirt covering his top half. We're on the patio, drawing flowers and stars and hopscotch sets with colorful sidewalk chalk. I watch him move around, this small kid with a mischievous innocence.

Monday, 27th November 2017

Brief summary: The author herself, member of the Danish parliament Ida Auken, states: "I wrote this piece to start a discussion about some of the pros and cons of the current technological development. When we are dealing with the future, it is not enough to work with reports. We should start discussions in many new ways. This is the intention with this piece." The article is a personal view on where we might be heading and a quite positive image of what the future might hold for us.

Welcome to 2030. I own nothing, have no privacy, and life has never been better

This article is part of the Annual Meeting of the Global Future Councils. For more information watch the What If: Privacy Becomes a Luxury Good? session from the World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting 2017. Welcome to the year 2030. Welcome to my city - or should I say, "our city".

Friday, 24th November 2017

Brief summary: The article is a short summary of the most significant demographic changes and arising problems related to it. Included links lead to different studies that have been conducted on the future development of the world's population and how world trade will be affected.

How demographic change will drive world trade

In 1950, the world's population was 2.5bn. More than 20 per cent of those people lived in Europe, and along with the 7 per cent living in North America, they dominated the global trading system. The rich western nations brought raw materials in, sent manufactures out and traded with each other.

Thursday, 23rd November 2017

Brief summary: While the universal basic income (UBI) is being controversially debated all around the world, it has always remained a quite abstract concept. This article elaborates two very different lives of two men both supporting the idea of a UBI for different reasons and experiences.

The surprising, hugely positive effects of universal basic income

Skooter Mccoy was 20 years old when his wife, Michelle, gave birth to their first child, a son named Spencer. It was 1996, and McCoy was living in the tiny town of Cherokee, North Carolina, attending Western Carolina University on a football scholarship. He was the first member of his family to go to college.

Wednesday, 22nd November 2017

Brief summary: Although the debate about female representation on the top levels of companies is still as imminent as ever, the Chinese tech industry might actually offer equal chances to women in high positions. The article lists examples of Chinese women representing big tech firms and their explanations of how and why chances for women's careers have increased so significantly.

Women in Tech Are Rising Higher in China Than in the U.S.

I spent much of the summer of 2015 covering the absolute unraveling of Uber China, a multibillion-dollar effort that failed spectacularly. When Uber ultimately admitted defeat in 2016, Shonda Rhimes couldn't have scripted the narrative better. This article is adapted from Lacy's new book .

Tuesday, 21st November 2017

Brief summary: On 21 November 2017 the first Swiss Digital Day was conducted by digitalswitzerland in association with the Swiss government in order to involve the Swiss population in the digital transformation. With the hub being in Zurich main station and three bases in Geneva, Chur, and Lugano all of the four languages and parts of Switzerland were represented and different companies invited the people to stop by their stands to learn about digitalisation, ask questions and talk about their fears.

Willkommen am Digitaltag Schweiz! | Digitaltag

Die Zukunft beginnt mit Ihnen. Am 21. November 2017 laden wir Sie in der ganzen Schweiz ein zu erleben, was Digitalisierung für Sie und für unser Land bedeutet. Mitten in der digitalen Revolution sind wir alle Zeugen einer historischen Epoche, für welche die Schweiz hervorragende Voraussetzungen mitbringt.

Monday, 20th November 2017

Brief summary: To begin the week with some art, this TED-video gives an impression on how to include a machine in a moving dance duet. Taiwanese artist Huang Yi developed a choreography in sync with a KUKA robot he himself conceptualized and programmed. In his art Huang explores the relation between humans and machines to provoke emotions by the spectator.

Huang Yi & KUKA: A human-robot dance duet

Harmoniously weaving together the art of dance and the science of mechanical engineering, Huang Yi performs a man-machine dance duet with KUKA -- a robot he conceptualized and programmed -- set to stirring cello by Joshua Roman.

Friday, 17th November 2017

Brief summary: Although the pace at which new technologies emerge is increasing, one aspect not to be forgotten is their sustainability. As ETH material scientist Nicola Spaldin explains, new materials will be the key to new technologies' sustainability by decreasing the dependency on silicon and instead using new materials such as multiferroics.

Why Moore's law is set to destroy the planet and how to stop it

One of the extraordinary features of the microelectronics revolution is its ability to scale, a featured captured by Moore's Law. That has led to a rapid and massive increase in computing capacity-today's top-of-the-range smartphones have the computing power equivalent to the world's most powerful supercomputers from the early 1990s.

Thursday, 16th November 2017

Brief summary: Digitization has long reached peoples all over the world and especially in the United States. But how can campaigns make use of the digital era and how will they be able to engage young voters? More and more time is spent online, which leads to a necessity of engaging the people online to get them to vote.

Inside The Disruptive Collision Of Tech, Politics And Race

One of the most powerful paradigm shifts taking place in our country right now is that of energized and emboldened new levels of civic participation as they directly intersect with youth culture, diverse voices and technology.

Wednesday, 15th November 2017

Brief summary: Another emerging technology, apart from artificial intelligence, is quantum computing. As the computing power is rising, new approaches like these will have a significant impact on the way things are being processed in the future. However, the question of who will be the first one to commercialise this technology remains, as small Start-Ups are competing against big companies.

Yale Professors Race Google and IBM to the First Quantum Computer

Quantum computing systems are difficult to understand because they do not behave like the everyday world we live in. But this counterintuitive behavior is what allows them to perform calculations at rate that would not be possible on a typical computer. Today's computers store information as "bits," with each transistor holding either a 1 or a 0.

Tuesday, 14th November 2017

Brief summary: With new technologies emerging exponentially, the social questions associated with them do seem to be the more imminent problem. Sophia Robot is one example of how humanoid artificial intelligence can even be granted citizenship and ignite a debate about its religious association.

Can a Robot Join the Faith?

As an apparent coup d'etat ripples through Saudi Arabia, the rising ruling faction is trying to keep things upbeat by sending bullish signals to the world's mega-rich. Exhibit A is Neom, part of the kingdom's Vision 2030 initiative, a proposed utopian city whose modest slogan is "the world's most ambitious project."

Monday, 13th November 2017

Brief summary: The article focuses on current developments in artificial intelligence giving examples of different companies using AI to do tasks originally executed by human workers. Apart from replacing routinised jobs, AI might imply big challenges for managers as well.

Are You Ready to Have a Robot as Your Boss?

Artificial intelligence (AI) and robots have slowly but steadily made their way into a variety of industries spanning fast food to the financial

Friday, 10th November 2017

Brief summary: Social and digital anthropologist Dr Beth Singler elaborates artificial intelligence's connections to religion and spirituality. She explains how humanity's search for an omniscient being to answer all questions for us has expanded into the fields of robotics. Instead of looking at the problems and answering ethical questions, technological advancement aims at creating intelligence that will solve such problems for us.

Dr Beth Singler talks about Artifical Intelligence

Uploaded by David Webster on 2017-02-06.

Thursday, 9th November 2017

Brief summary: Today being the last day of the MIT EmTech 2017 on technologies that will change the world, all videos of talks on artificial intelligence, virtual reality and environmental change are online to watch. In the following video Harvard professor John Holdren gives an insight on his work on sustainability for the US government and how emerging technologies can play an important role in environmental protection.

MIT Technology Review Events Videos - Climate Disruption: Technical Approaches to Mitigation and Adaptation

John Holdren discusses the harms we're already seeing in climate change, the latest science on the extent of the problem we face, and our limited options for addressing it.

Wednesday, 8th November 2017

Brief summary: Richard Layard, an economist of labour and happiness, explains the current state of society. According to him, and in contrary to the majority of economists, the primary goal of society should be to maximize happiness instead of wealth. Research has shown that happiness is not just an abstract concept, but an understandable and graspable fact. Therefore, the effect of policies on our happiness and well-being can be measured and analysed. Can these new findings affect the way we think about our purpose in life?

Our basic purpose | Richard Layard | TEDxOxford

This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. What should be our basic purpose in life? What kind of society should we live in? Prof. Layard argues that the objective for our society should not be to become richer and richer.

Tuesday, 7th November 2017

Brief summary: As this MIT Lab has discovered, even though we might consider the eyes of artificial intelligence more accurate than our own eyes, they can be as easily fooled as humans. The experiment conducted on neural networks proves how to generate 3 D adversarial objects that reliably deceive these networks in the real world, no matter how the objects are looked at.

Fooling Neural Networks in the Physical World

We've developed an approach to generate 3D adversarial objects that reliably fool neural networks in the real world, no matter how the objects are looked at.

Monday, 6th November 2017

Brief summary: As new technologies, such as cryptocurrency, emerge and new businesses are built around such technologies, risks increase. The article explores the legal and ethical limits of cryptocurrency by elaborating the case of Lydian Coin.

What Is the Nature of a Digital Coin? Paris Hilton Might Know, but the S.E.C. Doesn't

This week, the Securities and Exchange Commission made an odd, veiled threat, in the form of a short notice on its Web site, "Statement on Potentially Unlawful Promotion of Initial Coin Offerings and Other Investments by Celebrities and Others." The commission didn't use any names, but those in the know had little doubt: its warning was meant for Paris Hilton.

Friday, 3rd November 2017

Brief summary: Der Artikel ist besonders interessant, da er von einem FöK publiziert wurde und somit veranschaulicht, wie relevant das Thema für unsere Teilnehmer ist. In dem Artikel werden die Grenzen von künstlicher Intelligenz beschrieben und wie die menschliche Reaktion auf technologische Entwicklungen einen grossen Einfluss auf deren Erfolg haben kann.

Warum Nachhaltigkeit durch künstliche Intelligenz zum Inbegriff für gute Geschäfte wird

An künstlicher Intelligenz (Artificial Intelligence - AI) wird sich die nächste industrielle Revolution entzünden. Während die Vorteile von AI am Arbeitsplatz auf der Hand liegen, ist davon auszugehen, dass ihre Auswirkungen auf die Beschäftigungslage auf kurze Sicht fast durchgehend düster sein werden. Doch dieses Bild vereinfacht zu stark und muss neu gezeichnet werden.

Thursday, 2nd November 2017

Brief summary: The article is briefly myth-busting some of the widely spread facts about the use of artificial intelligence in chatbots. Since their emergence, chatbots have been subject to discussion. But what exactly are they and what makes them so human?

Here are 5 myths about chatbots that people are getting completely wrong

Replicating human intelligence in a machine has been the holy grail of computing ever since the first computer program was written, but our expectation of chatbots is sky-high

Wednesday, 1st November 2017

Brief summary: Der ETH-Professor und Ex-Google-Manager Thomas Hofmann legt in diesem Interview sehr eindrücklich die technischen Hintergründe von künstlicher Intelligenz dar. Auch erklärt er, wovor wir uns fürchten sollten und wovor nicht, sobald die Entwicklung von KI voranschreitet.

"Oft entscheiden Menschen sehr schlecht" | NZZ

Für Thomas Hofmann hat die künstliche Intelligenz ein gewaltiges Potenzial. Der ETH-Professor und Ex-Google-Manager erläutert im Interview, wie die neuen Technologien eingesetzt werden können und was dabei die Gefahren sind. Herr Hofmann, was ist überhaupt künstliche Intelligenz (KI)? Bei der KI geht es darum, dass Maschinen Tätigkeiten ausführen, für die es Intelligenz erfordert.

Tuesday, 31st October 2017

Brief summary: The discussion of technological advancement, its opportunities and threats as well as its future mostly concerns first world countries with a stable and well-developed economy, society and political system. But the debate should be broader in order to include developing countries as well. This article (and included links) elaborates how the success of technology, such as artificial intelligence, depends on know-how, societal issues and political systems.

Artificial Intelligence must be for all - including developing countries

The list of tech failures in development is long.

Monday, 30th October 2017

Brief summary: In order to use the terms related to artificial intelligence and neural networks correctly, this article aims at explaining the differences as defined in science. It calls for accuracy if one is talking about such terms as well as it reveals the paradox behind the buzzword of artificial intelligence.

What's AI, and what's not -- GCN

Artificial intelligence has become as meaningless a description of technology as "all natural" is when it refers to fresh eggs. At least, that's the conclusion reached by Devin Coldewey, a Tech Crunch contributor. AI is also often mentioned as a potential cybersecurity technology.

Friday, 27th October 2017

Brief summary: The article discusses the increase of jobs in the Three Cs sectors: care, computers and clean energy. It is based on the latest 10-year-forecast of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US and explores how jobs might increase despite automation taking over many routinised tasks.

Why Nerds and Nurses Are Taking Over the U.S. Economy

A blockbuster report from government economists forecasts the workforce of 2026-a world of robot cashiers, well-paid math nerds, and so (so, so, so) many healthcare workers. These projections aren't just a fun experiment for economic forecasters and journalists who need unfalsifiable predictions to write about.

Thursday, 26th October 2017

Brief summary: “Like those of the past, the next wave of technological breakthrough is unlikely to eliminate the need for work”. This statement comes from a quite reserved article about the change that work should be having. According to this article, the biggest fear is the deskilling effect it is going to have on jobs. We should be debating on how to ameliorate the lives of low-skilled jobs workers instead of the end of work.

The Observer view on the future of work | Observer editorial

In his speech at Labour's conference in Brighton last week, Jeremy Corbyn made an astute observation: "2017 may be the year when politics finally caught up with the crash of 2008." The financial crisis not only sent shockwaves rippling through the global economy: it sounded a warning bell that all was not well with a weakly regulated economic model powered by consumer debt bubbles and rapid house price growth.

Wednesday, 25th October 2017

Brief summary: Uber faces a tremendous controversy. Self-driving cars are developing quickly and threatens a whole business model. Travis Kalanick, ex-CEO of Uber, gave an interview more than one year ago with an optimistic point of view. According to him, self-driving cars are not going to threaten Uber’s employees but create more jobs.

Travis Kalanick on Uber's bet on self-driving cars: 'I can't be wrong'

Travis Kalanick has to get Uber's bet on self-driving cars right. "It starts with understanding that the world is going to go self-driving and autonomous," he told Business Insider in an interview. "So if that's happening, what would happen if we weren't a part of that future?

Tuesday, 24th October 2017

Brief summary: In this compelling talk, Dr Genevieve Bell introduces an anthropologist's approach to the relation between humanity and artificial intelligence. She builds her argumentation on the basic desires and needs of humankind, that either have and will not change since they are inherent to human nature and the ones that have remained basically but transformed in definition.

Being Human in a Digital World - Genevieve Bell

As the Director of User Experience Research in Intel Labs, Bell leads a team of social scientists, interaction designers, human factors engineers and computer scientists. Bell will share how her and her team's approach has fundamentally altered the way Intel envisions and plans its products so that they are centered on people's needs rather than simply silicon capabilities.

Monday, 23rd October 2017

Brief summary: Bezugnehmend auf die Debatte über technologische Innovation im Finanzsektor beschreibt dieser Artikel die Eliminierung des Risikos Mensch im Bankenwesen. Wo bisher noch grosse Risiken hinsichtlich Investitionen lagen, könnte in Zukunft ein rational und gut informierter Roboter Fehlentscheidungen verhindern.

Roboter investieren geduldig und günstig | NZZ

Wir flirten auf Tinder, schicken unsere Arztrechnung der Krankenkasse via App oder reichen unsere Steuererklärung elektronisch ein. Wieso sollten wir nicht auch digital investieren? "Den E-Vermögensverwaltern gehört die Zukunft", sagt Patrick Hunger, CEO der Saxo Bank Schweiz. Tönt plausibel: Wir flirten auf Tinder, schicken unsere Arztrechnung der Krankenkasse via App oder reichen unsere Steuererklärung elektronisch ein.

Friday, 20th October 2017

Brief summary: While discussing the dangers of artificial intelligence, it might often be forgot to take into account the human influence on it. In this article the human brain is examined in regard to its flaws and irrationality, such as intuition, emotion and bias. These unconscious activities of our brain might significantly influence the way AI is programmed.

Don't Fear AI, Fear Human Stupidity - Hacker Noon

Last year, the famed theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking quipped that artificial intelligence was "either the best or the worst thing, ever to happen to humanity." He's not alone in that sentiment. For each proclamation that AI algorithms will transform the world for the better, there seems to be a dystopian counterargument that the technology will doom humanity.

Thursday, 19th October 2017

Brief summary: Throwback to Kersti Kaljulaid, president of Estonia, having a speech at the Circle of Benefactors Dinner at the 47th St. Gallen Symposium on the topic of digitalised societies.

President of the Republic at the St. Gallen Symposium on 3 May 2017

Dear Mr Chairman Peter Voser,Dear Federal Councillor Schneider-Ammann,Excellencies,Distinguished guests,Dear members of the ISC Team, thank you for making this symposium happen,As president of Estonia I represent the world's only digital society which actually has a State - the Estonian digital society of 1,3 million people, our whole population.

Wednesday, 18th October 2017

Brief summary: For David Lee, the solution for a brighter future lies in the hands of the companies. They have to rethink the way jobs are designed and allow the people to focus on their core capacities to augment themselves. Discover more with the video below!

David Lee: Why jobs of the future won't feel like work

We've all heard that robots are going to take our jobs -- but what can we do about it? Innovation expert David Lee says that we should start designing jobs that unlock our hidden talents and passions -- the things we spend our weekends doing -- to keep us relevant in the age of robotics.

Tuesday, 17th October 2017

Brief summary: Just about every AI advance you have heard of depends on a breakthrough that is three decades old. Keeping up the pace of progress will require confronting AI’s serious limitations.

Progress in AI seems like it's accelerating, but here's why it could be plateauing

Adam Detour I'm standing in what is soon to be the center of the world, or is perhaps just a very large room on the seventh floor of a gleaming tower in downtown Toronto. Showing me around is Jordan Jacobs, who cofounded this place: the nascent Vector Institute, which opens its doors this fall and which is aiming to become the global epicenter of artificial intelligence.

Monday, 16th October 2017

Brief summary: The article, written by musician David Byrne, explores a different side of what the impact of technology on humankind might be. Byrne expresses his fears of human interaction getting lost through the increased offer of virtual and augmented reality.

Former Talking Heads frontman says consumer tech is working against what it means to be human

I have a theory that much recent tech development and innovation over the last decade or so has an unspoken overarching agenda. It has been about creating the possibility of a world with less human interaction. This tendency is, I suspect, not a bug-it's a feature.

Thursday, 12th October 2017

Brief summary: Adidas ist einer der grössten Sportartikelhersteller und auch einer der grössten Schuhproduzenten der Welt. Bisher werden solche Sportschuhe aufgrund des hohen Anteils handwerklicher Arbeiten fast ausschliesslich in Südostasien hergestellt. Nun hat Adidas eine hochautomatisierte Fabrik in Deutschland eröffnet, die mit einem Bruchteil der Arbeiter viel mehr Schuhe mit höherer Qualität herstellt. Wegen der wenigen Arbeitskräfte wird ein etwaiger Lohnkostennachteil negiert.

Adidas lässt Schuhe vom Roboter fertigen

Adidas eröffnet zusammen mit seinem Technologiepartner Oechsler erstmals wieder eine Fabrik in Deutschland. Die Fabrik in Franken ist hoch automatisiert - und soll vor allem schnell sein. Am Ende des Feldwegs hinter dem hohen Maisfeld fängt die Zukunft an. Hier, im Industriegebiet von Brodswinden, einem Ortsteil von Ansbach in Mittelfranken, steht eine sehr neue, sehr weiße Fabrikhalle.

Wednesday, 11th October 2017

Brief summary: Swiss-based start-up Sophia Genetics found a way to use artificial intelligence to diagnose cancer. Founded in 2011 as part of the Science Park of EPFL, Sofia Genetics is now based in Saint-Sulpice, and collaborates with hospitals all over the world. Since the costs and duration of the AI diagnosis are significantly lower compared to the standard procedure, this might be the future of medicine.

Swiss data analytics company Sophia Genetics could be Switzerland's next unicorn

Big Data is becoming increasingly relevant for the healthcare industry, and although it raises new challenges for data protection and data analytics, the potential for diagnostics is huge. Launched in 2011, Sophia Genetics is a Swiss-based analytics company that is using AI to accelerate diagnostics in oncology, hereditary cancer, metabolic disorders, pediatrics and cardiology via DNA sequencing, and could be the tiny mountainous country's next big win in the tech industry.

Tuesday, 10th October 2017

Brief summary: Rutger Bregman, one of Europe's most prominent young thinkers and author of 'Utopia for Realists: The Case for a Universal Basic Income, Open Borders and a 15-hour Workweek', shares his arguments for a limitation of our working hours. Apart from reducing stress and increasing our creativity, a 15-hour workweek could prevent environmental damage and human errors.

How working less could solve all our problems. Really.

Had you asked the greatest economist of the 20th century what the biggest challenge of the 21st would be, he wouldn't have had to think twice. Leisure. In the summer of 1930, just as the Great Depression was gathering momentum, British economist John Maynard Keynes gave a curious lecture in Madrid titled "Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren" - in other words, for us.

Monday, 9th October 2017

Brief summary: Mark Zuckerberg is conducting a tour of the 50 states in the United States. During his speech in Alaska he talked about the Universal Basic Income, as this state provides a similar policy. However, is it the right answer to the current threat or just a way to satisfy the hidden agenda of Mr Zuckerberg?

Mark Zuckerberg's got some cheek, advocating a universal basic income | Sonia Sodha

Some people might be happy to stop at being founder and chief of one of the world's biggest tech companies while still in their early 30s. Not Mark Zuckerberg. Facebook's CEO has spent the last couple of years casting himself in various guises.

Friday, 6th October 2017

Brief summary: Telemarketers and accountants beware. Personal trainers, dentists and the clergy are unlikely to disappear any time soon. Previous technological innovation has always delivered more long-run employment, not less. But things can change.

The future of work

What qualities do superstar companies possess? GENERAL ELECTRIC, THE product of an alliance between Thomas Edison, America's greatest inventor, and J.P. Morgan, its greatest banker, was the technology superstar of the early 20th century.

Thursday, 5th October 2017

Brief summary: Radhika Nagpal is a computer scientist who researches the functioning of collective systems in nature, such as bees, fishes and ants, to apply it to artificial intelligence. Her self-organizing robotic systems work without a leader to build two- or three-dimensional patterns according to their own collective intelligence. These robots could in the future not only construct buildings, but act as substitutes to bees, fishes and ants in order to protect the environment.

Radhika Nagpal: What intelligent machines can learn from a school of fish

Science fiction visions of the future show us AI built to replicate our way of thinking -- but what if we modeled it instead on the other kinds of intelligence found in nature? Robotics engineer Radhika Nagpal studies the collective intelligence displayed by insects and fish schools, seeking to understand their rules of engagement.

Wednesday, 4th October 2017

Brief summary: Durch innovative Software, die nicht nur Textbausteine sinnvoll zusammensetzen, sondern auch Sprachstil und Ausdruck variieren kann, wird es möglich, Journalisten zu ersetzen. Solche Roboterjournalisten werden mit den jeweiligen Daten gefüttert und kreieren Artikel, welche schnell veröffentlicht werden können. Allerdings ist es bisher fraglich, ob und inwiefern diese Maschinen auf unvorhergesehene Ereignisse angemessen reagieren können.

Automatisierter Journalismus: Nehmen Roboter Journalisten den Job weg?

oboter sind auf dem Vormarsch. In Amazons Lagerhallen sortieren sie schon Waren. In japanischen Krankenhäusern ersetzen Roboter Krankenschwestern. Und bald werden Roboterautos im Straßenverkehr unterwegs sein. Seit geraumer Zeit schreiben Roboter sogar Artikel. Als am 17.März 2014 in Los Angeles die Erde bebte, dauerte es nur drei Minuten, bis die „Los Angeles Times" die erste Meldung publizierte.

Tuesday, 3rd October 2017

Brief summary: Experts of different fields and backgrounds share their views on how humankind will stay relevant while artificial intelligence is evolving at great speed. These specialists are Tesla founder Elon Musk, professor Panagiotis Artemiadis, neuroscientist Miguel Nicolelis and professor Paul Sajda. Having different visions of the future of AI, they get to different solutions of how to make use of these new technologies and what their prospective role will be.

Elon Musk says humans must become cyborgs to stay relevant. Is he right?

Humans must become cyborgs if they are to stay relevant in a future dominated by artificial intelligence. That was the warning from Tesla founder Elon Musk, speaking at an event in Dubai this weekend. Musk argued that as artificial intelligence becomes more sophisticated, it will lead to mass unemployment.

Monday, 2nd October 2017

Brief summary: Many sectors are affected by artificial intelligence, since many of the tasks jobs consist of can be routinized and therefore performed by machines, according to Richard and Daniel Susskind. This article reveals how the agricultural sector makes use of AI through a revolutionary UK-based initiative called Hands Free Hectare. Earlier this month, the three founders of the initiative were the first people in the world to grow, tend, and harvest a crop without direct human intervention.

A Field Farmed Only by Drones

Across the United Kingdom, the last of the spring barley has been brought in from the fields, the culmination of an agricultural calendar whose rhythm has remained unchanged for millennia. But when the nineteenth-century poet John Clare wrote, in his month-by-month description of the rural year, that in September "harvest's busy hum declines," it seems unlikely that he was imagining the particular buzz-akin to an amplified mosquito-of a drone.

Tuesday, 26th September 2017

Brief summary: Garry Kasparov, a famous Russian chess player, provides insights on how humanity must deal with current developments in artificial intelligence. Kasparov lost a memorable match to IBM supercomputer Deep Blue in 1997 and now recounts this experience and how it might impact our perception of machines being more intelligent than man.

Don't fear intelligent machines. Work with them | Garry Kasparov

We must face our fears if we want to get the most out of technology -- and we must conquer those fears if we want to get the best out of humanity, says Garry Kasparov. One of the greatest chess players in history, Kasparov lost a memorable match to IBM supercomputer Deep Blue in 1997.

Tuesday, 26th September 2017

Brief summary: Aufgrund des zunehmenden Fortschritts in der Entwicklung autonomer Fahrzeuge werden Diskussionen zu deren ethischer Entscheidungsfähigkeit geführt. Jedoch ist es womöglich konstruktiver, diese Fahrzeuge nicht nach ungewissen menschlichen Moralvorstellungen zu programmieren, sondern vielmehr den Risikofaktor Mensch im Strassenverkehr zu eliminieren.

Mobilität: Autonome Fahrzeuge brauchen keine Ethik-Software | NZZ

Die Diskussionen um ethische Dilemmata bringen die Einführung autonomer Fahrzeuge nicht voran. Im Gegenteil. Die künstlichen Szenarien vermitteln ein gefährlich falsches Bild davon, wie autonomes Fahren funktioniert. Anfangs mutet es wie ein harmloses Computerspiel an: Die stark vereinfachten Zeichnungen auf dem Bildschirm zeigen einen Strassenzug. Ein blaues Auto bewegt sich auf einen Zebrastreifen zu.

Tuesday, 5th September 2017

Brief summary: "Working less should be a central aim of a prosperous and fair society."

Age of automation: what if more work is the problem, not the solution?

The Green Institute argues that shorter hours and a universal basic income would be better than more jobs.

Wednesday, 1st March 2017

Brief summary: "The idea that humans will always have a unique ability beyond the reach of non-conscious algorithms is just wishful thinking."

The rise of the useless class

The most important question in 21st-century economics may well be: What should we do with all the superfluous people, once we have highly intelligent non-conscious algorithms that can do almost everything better than humans? This is not an entirely new question. People have long feared that mechanization might cause mass unemployment.

Tuesday, 28th February 2017

Brief summary: "For centuries the Netherlands has been a byword for liberalism, religious tolerance and openness to trade. The economy is strong and egalitarian compared to most of the world. Yet Wilders has tapped into deep fears among many low-skilled workers over their jobs in a world of rapid technological change – even those who depend on global trade pioneered by the Dutch."

Robots and Immigrants Are the Enemies in Dutch Home of Populism

From the towering offices of Rotterdam's port authority, you can watch the never-ending stream of barges begin their river journeys to the Rhine and points across Europe, carrying anything from Chinese microwave ovens to iron ore from Brazil. The city that spreads below boasts Europe's biggest port, which is dependent upon the globalized economy for its success and 130,000 jobs.

Monday, 20th February 2017

Brief summary: "The speed at which AI moves is based on the amount of behavioural data it consumes, and as APIs facilitate this accumulation of customer data, open banking is going to drive the development of better (or more ubiquitous) AI solutions."

State of Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Fintech

As new technologies emerge, they tend to enhance the existing ecosystem by converging with other technologies, eventually transforming various industries. Within the realm of Fintech, the two technologies that are on the verge of transforming it are Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Thuesday, 14th February 2017

Brief summary: "In the US, the number of manufacturing jobs peaked in 1979 and has steadily decreased ever since. At the same time, manufacturing has steadily increased, with the US now producing more goods than any other country but China. Machines aren’t just taking the place of humans on the assembly line. They’re doing a better job."

The AI Threat Isn't Skynet. It's the End of the Middle Class

In February 1975, a group of geneticists gathered in a tiny town on the central coast of California to decide if their work would bring about the end of the world.

Wednesday, 8th February 2017

Brief summary: "How long will it be before you lose your job to a robot?"

Our Automated Future

There are many accounts of the genesis of Watson. The most popular, which is not necessarily the most accurate-and this is the sort of problem that Watson himself often stumbled on-begins in 2004, at a steakhouse near Poughkeepsie. One evening, an I.B.M.

Tuesday, 7th February 2017

Brief summary: "Executives of the nation's biggest corporations fear that major disruption is on the horizon."

Companies Brace for Decade of Disruption From AI

Now that many executives are finding measurable results from their Big Data initiatives, they are looking ahead and making decisions about investments in emerging capabilities such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. Executives of the nation's biggest corporations fear that major disruption is on the horizon.

Monday, 23rd January 2017

Brief summary: It's like we live in a game of Monopoly but we're no longer collecting money for passing Go. A universal basic income would correct this, writes Scott Santens.

Why we should all have a basic income

It's like we live in a game of Monopoly but we're no longer collecting money for passing Go. A universal basic income would correct this, writes Scott Santens.

Wednesday, 11th January 2017

Brief summary: Companies selling the magical speed, omnipotence, and neutrality of artificial intelligence (AI) often can’t make good on their promises without keeping people in the loop, often working invisibly in the background. A closer look whether AI is truly artificial or not.

The Humans Working Behind the AI Curtain

Just how artificial is Artificial Intelligence? Facebook created a PR firestorm last summer when reporters discovered a human “editorial team” – rather than just unbiased algorithms – selecting stories for its trending topics section.