Your Daily Read

Article of the day

Tuesday, 5th December 2017

Brief summary: With the increasing growth of population cities face more and more challenges when it comes to their planning. Although new technologies might be part of the solution, they will not address every problem, as Dean of the IE School of Architecture and Design Martha Thorne elaborates.

Cities of the Future: Challenges of Architecture and Design - Corporate Relations

More than half of the world's population already lives in urban areas, where architecture dovetails with design to make great contributions through urban services, the environment, and public spaces. Is this why the transformation of cities is getting so much attention now?

Monday, 4th December 2017

Brief summary: The following article not only describes how imminent the problem of biased software is, but what impact gender inequality has on new technologies. Since only a minority of tech employees in Silicon Valley are women, many of its products lack certain features designed for women. But the problem of inequality goes even further.

Why we desperately need women to design AI - freeCodeCamp

At the moment, only about 12-15% of the engineers who are building the internet and its software are women. Here are a couple examples that illustrate why this is such a big a problem: Do you remember when Apple released its health app a few years ago?

Friday, 1st December 2017

Brief summary: The article examines the kind of professions that have been created relating to new technologies and how these professions might be the future. However, many problems are still associated with such jobs that need to be considered.

How machine learning creates new professions - and problems

It is not often that a new profession springs up almost overnight. It is also unusual for many of the people who find their way into this new field to do it without the formal training provided by the normal institutions of higher education.

Thursday, 30th November 2017

Brief summary: Apparently, Norway has a quite dynamic and successful startup scene as well as other Scandinavian countries, where a lot of capital is now invested in tech startups. Norwegian experts elaborate on what makes the Northern countries so successful when it comes to innovative technologies and the importance of sustainability and what future developments might look like.

World's happiest country is becoming a startup mecca

But one cityknown for the maritime industry is emerging as one of the fast-growing tech scenes outside the U.S. Oslo, Norway's capital city, experienced a 160% uptick in startup investments in the past year, according to Oslo's 2017 State of the City report. That's the second biggest jump in the Nordic region behind Sweden, up 171%.

Wednesday, 29th November 2017

Brief summary: Humanoide Roboter üben nicht nur aufgrund ihrer Ähnlichkeit mit dem Menschen eine besondere Faszination aus, ihr immer grösser werdendes Repertoire an Fähigkeiten schürt Ängste über die Ersetzbarkeit menschlicher Arbeitskräfte. In diesem Artikel werden die grössten Errungenschaften in der Entwicklung humanoider Roboter beleuchtet und wie sich diese auf die Zukunft auswirken könnten.

Humanoide Roboter: Mit Kollegen Hiro am Fließband

Es klingt wie Science-Fiction, aber wir werden es bald erleben: Humanoide Roboter, die Seite an Seite mit Menschen in Werkshallen arbeiten, Alte pflegen, beim Einkaufen helfen. Die Technik ist so weit, die Gesetzeslage noch nicht. von Josef Urschitz Er ist 174 Zentimeter groß, 130 Kilogramm schwer und hört auf den Namen Hiro.

Tuesday, 28th November 2017

Brief summary: Annamarya Scaccia, a freelance journalist, gives a deep and very honest insight on what workaholism feels like and thus how work can completely define us up to a point where we even get addicted. She describes how her identity is defined by the way she works and, by this, provides yet another opinion on our purpose in life.

I Can't Stop Myself-But I Don't Know If I Want To - Anxy Magazine - Medium

By Annamarya Scaccia My son stands in front of me in his diaper, a red-and-white striped shirt covering his top half. We're on the patio, drawing flowers and stars and hopscotch sets with colorful sidewalk chalk. I watch him move around, this small kid with a mischievous innocence.

Monday, 27th November 2017

Brief summary: The author herself, member of the Danish parliament Ida Auken, states: "I wrote this piece to start a discussion about some of the pros and cons of the current technological development. When we are dealing with the future, it is not enough to work with reports. We should start discussions in many new ways. This is the intention with this piece." The article is a personal view on where we might be heading and a quite positive image of what the future might hold for us.

Welcome to 2030. I own nothing, have no privacy, and life has never been better

This article is part of the Annual Meeting of the Global Future Councils. For more information watch the What If: Privacy Becomes a Luxury Good? session from the World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting 2017. Welcome to the year 2030. Welcome to my city - or should I say, "our city".

Friday, 24th November 2017

Brief summary: The article is a short summary of the most significant demographic changes and arising problems related to it. Included links lead to different studies that have been conducted on the future development of the world's population and how world trade will be affected.

How demographic change will drive world trade

In 1950, the world's population was 2.5bn. More than 20 per cent of those people lived in Europe, and along with the 7 per cent living in North America, they dominated the global trading system. The rich western nations brought raw materials in, sent manufactures out and traded with each other.

Thursday, 23rd November 2017

Brief summary: While the universal basic income (UBI) is being controversially debated all around the world, it has always remained a quite abstract concept. This article elaborates two very different lives of two men both supporting the idea of a UBI for different reasons and experiences.

The surprising, hugely positive effects of universal basic income

Skooter Mccoy was 20 years old when his wife, Michelle, gave birth to their first child, a son named Spencer. It was 1996, and McCoy was living in the tiny town of Cherokee, North Carolina, attending Western Carolina University on a football scholarship. He was the first member of his family to go to college.

Wednesday, 22nd November 2017

Brief summary: Although the debate about female representation on the top levels of companies is still as imminent as ever, the Chinese tech industry might actually offer equal chances to women in high positions. The article lists examples of Chinese women representing big tech firms and their explanations of how and why chances for women's careers have increased so significantly.

Women in Tech Are Rising Higher in China Than in the U.S.

I spent much of the summer of 2015 covering the absolute unraveling of Uber China, a multibillion-dollar effort that failed spectacularly. When Uber ultimately admitted defeat in 2016, Shonda Rhimes couldn't have scripted the narrative better. This article is adapted from Lacy's new book .

Tuesday, 21st November 2017

Brief summary: On 21 November 2017 the first Swiss Digital Day was conducted by digitalswitzerland in association with the Swiss government in order to involve the Swiss population in the digital transformation. With the hub being in Zurich main station and three bases in Geneva, Chur, and Lugano all of the four languages and parts of Switzerland were represented and different companies invited the people to stop by their stands to learn about digitalisation, ask questions and talk about their fears.

Willkommen am Digitaltag Schweiz! | Digitaltag

Die Zukunft beginnt mit Ihnen. Am 21. November 2017 laden wir Sie in der ganzen Schweiz ein zu erleben, was Digitalisierung für Sie und für unser Land bedeutet. Mitten in der digitalen Revolution sind wir alle Zeugen einer historischen Epoche, für welche die Schweiz hervorragende Voraussetzungen mitbringt.

Monday, 20th November 2017

Brief summary: To begin the week with some art, this TED-video gives an impression on how to include a machine in a moving dance duet. Taiwanese artist Huang Yi developed a choreography in sync with a KUKA robot he himself conceptualized and programmed. In his art Huang explores the relation between humans and machines to provoke emotions by the spectator.

Huang Yi & KUKA: A human-robot dance duet

Harmoniously weaving together the art of dance and the science of mechanical engineering, Huang Yi performs a man-machine dance duet with KUKA -- a robot he conceptualized and programmed -- set to stirring cello by Joshua Roman.

Friday, 17th November 2017

Brief summary: Although the pace at which new technologies emerge is increasing, one aspect not to be forgotten is their sustainability. As ETH material scientist Nicola Spaldin explains, new materials will be the key to new technologies' sustainability by decreasing the dependency on silicon and instead using new materials such as multiferroics.

Why Moore's law is set to destroy the planet and how to stop it

One of the extraordinary features of the microelectronics revolution is its ability to scale, a featured captured by Moore's Law. That has led to a rapid and massive increase in computing capacity-today's top-of-the-range smartphones have the computing power equivalent to the world's most powerful supercomputers from the early 1990s.

Thursday, 16th November 2017

Brief summary: Digitization has long reached peoples all over the world and especially in the United States. But how can campaigns make use of the digital era and how will they be able to engage young voters? More and more time is spent online, which leads to a necessity of engaging the people online to get them to vote.

Inside The Disruptive Collision Of Tech, Politics And Race

One of the most powerful paradigm shifts taking place in our country right now is that of energized and emboldened new levels of civic participation as they directly intersect with youth culture, diverse voices and technology.

Wednesday, 15th November 2017

Brief summary: Another emerging technology, apart from artificial intelligence, is quantum computing. As the computing power is rising, new approaches like these will have a significant impact on the way things are being processed in the future. However, the question of who will be the first one to commercialise this technology remains, as small Start-Ups are competing against big companies.

Yale Professors Race Google and IBM to the First Quantum Computer

Quantum computing systems are difficult to understand because they do not behave like the everyday world we live in. But this counterintuitive behavior is what allows them to perform calculations at rate that would not be possible on a typical computer. Today's computers store information as "bits," with each transistor holding either a 1 or a 0.

Tuesday, 14th November 2017

Brief summary: With new technologies emerging exponentially, the social questions associated with them do seem to be the more imminent problem. Sophia Robot is one example of how humanoid artificial intelligence can even be granted citizenship and ignite a debate about its religious association.

Can a Robot Join the Faith?

As an apparent coup d'etat ripples through Saudi Arabia, the rising ruling faction is trying to keep things upbeat by sending bullish signals to the world's mega-rich. Exhibit A is Neom, part of the kingdom's Vision 2030 initiative, a proposed utopian city whose modest slogan is "the world's most ambitious project."

Monday, 13th November 2017

Brief summary: The article focuses on current developments in artificial intelligence giving examples of different companies using AI to do tasks originally executed by human workers. Apart from replacing routinised jobs, AI might imply big challenges for managers as well.

Are You Ready to Have a Robot as Your Boss?

Artificial intelligence (AI) and robots have slowly but steadily made their way into a variety of industries spanning fast food to the financial

Friday, 10th November 2017

Brief summary: Social and digital anthropologist Dr Beth Singler elaborates artificial intelligence's connections to religion and spirituality. She explains how humanity's search for an omniscient being to answer all questions for us has expanded into the fields of robotics. Instead of looking at the problems and answering ethical questions, technological advancement aims at creating intelligence that will solve such problems for us.

Dr Beth Singler talks about Artifical Intelligence

Uploaded by David Webster on 2017-02-06.

Thursday, 9th November 2017

Brief summary: Today being the last day of the MIT EmTech 2017 on technologies that will change the world, all videos of talks on artificial intelligence, virtual reality and environmental change are online to watch. In the following video Harvard professor John Holdren gives an insight on his work on sustainability for the US government and how emerging technologies can play an important role in environmental protection.

MIT Technology Review Events Videos - Climate Disruption: Technical Approaches to Mitigation and Adaptation

John Holdren discusses the harms we're already seeing in climate change, the latest science on the extent of the problem we face, and our limited options for addressing it.

Wednesday, 8th November 2017

Brief summary: Richard Layard, an economist of labour and happiness, explains the current state of society. According to him, and in contrary to the majority of economists, the primary goal of society should be to maximize happiness instead of wealth. Research has shown that happiness is not just an abstract concept, but an understandable and graspable fact. Therefore, the effect of policies on our happiness and well-being can be measured and analysed. Can these new findings affect the way we think about our purpose in life?

Our basic purpose | Richard Layard | TEDxOxford

This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. What should be our basic purpose in life? What kind of society should we live in? Prof. Layard argues that the objective for our society should not be to become richer and richer.

Tuesday, 7th November 2017

Brief summary: As this MIT Lab has discovered, even though we might consider the eyes of artificial intelligence more accurate than our own eyes, they can be as easily fooled as humans. The experiment conducted on neural networks proves how to generate 3 D adversarial objects that reliably deceive these networks in the real world, no matter how the objects are looked at.

Fooling Neural Networks in the Physical World

We've developed an approach to generate 3D adversarial objects that reliably fool neural networks in the real world, no matter how the objects are looked at.

Monday, 6th November 2017

Brief summary: As new technologies, such as cryptocurrency, emerge and new businesses are built around such technologies, risks increase. The article explores the legal and ethical limits of cryptocurrency by elaborating the case of Lydian Coin.

What Is the Nature of a Digital Coin? Paris Hilton Might Know, but the S.E.C. Doesn't

This week, the Securities and Exchange Commission made an odd, veiled threat, in the form of a short notice on its Web site, "Statement on Potentially Unlawful Promotion of Initial Coin Offerings and Other Investments by Celebrities and Others." The commission didn't use any names, but those in the know had little doubt: its warning was meant for Paris Hilton.

Friday, 3rd November 2017

Brief summary: Der Artikel ist besonders interessant, da er von einem FöK publiziert wurde und somit veranschaulicht, wie relevant das Thema für unsere Teilnehmer ist. In dem Artikel werden die Grenzen von künstlicher Intelligenz beschrieben und wie die menschliche Reaktion auf technologische Entwicklungen einen grossen Einfluss auf deren Erfolg haben kann.

Warum Nachhaltigkeit durch künstliche Intelligenz zum Inbegriff für gute Geschäfte wird

An künstlicher Intelligenz (Artificial Intelligence - AI) wird sich die nächste industrielle Revolution entzünden. Während die Vorteile von AI am Arbeitsplatz auf der Hand liegen, ist davon auszugehen, dass ihre Auswirkungen auf die Beschäftigungslage auf kurze Sicht fast durchgehend düster sein werden. Doch dieses Bild vereinfacht zu stark und muss neu gezeichnet werden.

Thursday, 2nd November 2017

Brief summary: The article is briefly myth-busting some of the widely spread facts about the use of artificial intelligence in chatbots. Since their emergence, chatbots have been subject to discussion. But what exactly are they and what makes them so human?

Here are 5 myths about chatbots that people are getting completely wrong

Replicating human intelligence in a machine has been the holy grail of computing ever since the first computer program was written, but our expectation of chatbots is sky-high

Wednesday, 1st November 2017

Brief summary: Der ETH-Professor und Ex-Google-Manager Thomas Hofmann legt in diesem Interview sehr eindrücklich die technischen Hintergründe von künstlicher Intelligenz dar. Auch erklärt er, wovor wir uns fürchten sollten und wovor nicht, sobald die Entwicklung von KI voranschreitet.

"Oft entscheiden Menschen sehr schlecht" | NZZ

Für Thomas Hofmann hat die künstliche Intelligenz ein gewaltiges Potenzial. Der ETH-Professor und Ex-Google-Manager erläutert im Interview, wie die neuen Technologien eingesetzt werden können und was dabei die Gefahren sind. Herr Hofmann, was ist überhaupt künstliche Intelligenz (KI)? Bei der KI geht es darum, dass Maschinen Tätigkeiten ausführen, für die es Intelligenz erfordert.

Tuesday, 31st October 2017

Brief summary: The discussion of technological advancement, its opportunities and threats as well as its future mostly concerns first world countries with a stable and well-developed economy, society and political system. But the debate should be broader in order to include developing countries as well. This article (and included links) elaborates how the success of technology, such as artificial intelligence, depends on know-how, societal issues and political systems.

Artificial Intelligence must be for all - including developing countries

The list of tech failures in development is long.

Monday, 30th October 2017

Brief summary: In order to use the terms related to artificial intelligence and neural networks correctly, this article aims at explaining the differences as defined in science. It calls for accuracy if one is talking about such terms as well as it reveals the paradox behind the buzzword of artificial intelligence.

What's AI, and what's not -- GCN

Artificial intelligence has become as meaningless a description of technology as "all natural" is when it refers to fresh eggs. At least, that's the conclusion reached by Devin Coldewey, a Tech Crunch contributor. AI is also often mentioned as a potential cybersecurity technology.

Friday, 27th October 2017

Brief summary: The article discusses the increase of jobs in the Three Cs sectors: care, computers and clean energy. It is based on the latest 10-year-forecast of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US and explores how jobs might increase despite automation taking over many routinised tasks.

Why Nerds and Nurses Are Taking Over the U.S. Economy

A blockbuster report from government economists forecasts the workforce of 2026-a world of robot cashiers, well-paid math nerds, and so (so, so, so) many healthcare workers. These projections aren't just a fun experiment for economic forecasters and journalists who need unfalsifiable predictions to write about.

Thursday, 26th October 2017

Brief summary: “Like those of the past, the next wave of technological breakthrough is unlikely to eliminate the need for work”. This statement comes from a quite reserved article about the change that work should be having. According to this article, the biggest fear is the deskilling effect it is going to have on jobs. We should be debating on how to ameliorate the lives of low-skilled jobs workers instead of the end of work.

The Observer view on the future of work | Observer editorial

In his speech at Labour's conference in Brighton last week, Jeremy Corbyn made an astute observation: "2017 may be the year when politics finally caught up with the crash of 2008." The financial crisis not only sent shockwaves rippling through the global economy: it sounded a warning bell that all was not well with a weakly regulated economic model powered by consumer debt bubbles and rapid house price growth.

Wednesday, 25th October 2017

Brief summary: Uber faces a tremendous controversy. Self-driving cars are developing quickly and threatens a whole business model. Travis Kalanick, ex-CEO of Uber, gave an interview more than one year ago with an optimistic point of view. According to him, self-driving cars are not going to threaten Uber’s employees but create more jobs.

Travis Kalanick on Uber's bet on self-driving cars: 'I can't be wrong'

Travis Kalanick has to get Uber's bet on self-driving cars right. "It starts with understanding that the world is going to go self-driving and autonomous," he told Business Insider in an interview. "So if that's happening, what would happen if we weren't a part of that future?

Tuesday, 24th October 2017

Brief summary: In this compelling talk, Dr Genevieve Bell introduces an anthropologist's approach to the relation between humanity and artificial intelligence. She builds her argumentation on the basic desires and needs of humankind, that either have and will not change since they are inherent to human nature and the ones that have remained basically but transformed in definition.

Being Human in a Digital World - Genevieve Bell

As the Director of User Experience Research in Intel Labs, Bell leads a team of social scientists, interaction designers, human factors engineers and computer scientists. Bell will share how her and her team's approach has fundamentally altered the way Intel envisions and plans its products so that they are centered on people's needs rather than simply silicon capabilities.

Monday, 23rd October 2017

Brief summary: Bezugnehmend auf die Debatte über technologische Innovation im Finanzsektor beschreibt dieser Artikel die Eliminierung des Risikos Mensch im Bankenwesen. Wo bisher noch grosse Risiken hinsichtlich Investitionen lagen, könnte in Zukunft ein rational und gut informierter Roboter Fehlentscheidungen verhindern.

Roboter investieren geduldig und günstig | NZZ

Wir flirten auf Tinder, schicken unsere Arztrechnung der Krankenkasse via App oder reichen unsere Steuererklärung elektronisch ein. Wieso sollten wir nicht auch digital investieren? "Den E-Vermögensverwaltern gehört die Zukunft", sagt Patrick Hunger, CEO der Saxo Bank Schweiz. Tönt plausibel: Wir flirten auf Tinder, schicken unsere Arztrechnung der Krankenkasse via App oder reichen unsere Steuererklärung elektronisch ein.

Friday, 20th October 2017

Brief summary: While discussing the dangers of artificial intelligence, it might often be forgot to take into account the human influence on it. In this article the human brain is examined in regard to its flaws and irrationality, such as intuition, emotion and bias. These unconscious activities of our brain might significantly influence the way AI is programmed.

Don't Fear AI, Fear Human Stupidity - Hacker Noon

Last year, the famed theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking quipped that artificial intelligence was "either the best or the worst thing, ever to happen to humanity." He's not alone in that sentiment. For each proclamation that AI algorithms will transform the world for the better, there seems to be a dystopian counterargument that the technology will doom humanity.

Thursday, 19th October 2017

Brief summary: Throwback to Kersti Kaljulaid, president of Estonia, having a speech at the Circle of Benefactors Dinner at the 47th St. Gallen Symposium on the topic of digitalised societies.

President of the Republic at the St. Gallen Symposium on 3 May 2017

Dear Mr Chairman Peter Voser,Dear Federal Councillor Schneider-Ammann,Excellencies,Distinguished guests,Dear members of the ISC Team, thank you for making this symposium happen,As president of Estonia I represent the world's only digital society which actually has a State - the Estonian digital society of 1,3 million people, our whole population.

Wednesday, 18th October 2017

Brief summary: For David Lee, the solution for a brighter future lies in the hands of the companies. They have to rethink the way jobs are designed and allow the people to focus on their core capacities to augment themselves. Discover more with the video below!

David Lee: Why jobs of the future won't feel like work

We've all heard that robots are going to take our jobs -- but what can we do about it? Innovation expert David Lee says that we should start designing jobs that unlock our hidden talents and passions -- the things we spend our weekends doing -- to keep us relevant in the age of robotics.

Tuesday, 17th October 2017

Brief summary: Just about every AI advance you have heard of depends on a breakthrough that is three decades old. Keeping up the pace of progress will require confronting AI’s serious limitations.

Progress in AI seems like it's accelerating, but here's why it could be plateauing

Adam Detour I'm standing in what is soon to be the center of the world, or is perhaps just a very large room on the seventh floor of a gleaming tower in downtown Toronto. Showing me around is Jordan Jacobs, who cofounded this place: the nascent Vector Institute, which opens its doors this fall and which is aiming to become the global epicenter of artificial intelligence.

Monday, 16th October 2017

Brief summary: The article, written by musician David Byrne, explores a different side of what the impact of technology on humankind might be. Byrne expresses his fears of human interaction getting lost through the increased offer of virtual and augmented reality.

Former Talking Heads frontman says consumer tech is working against what it means to be human

I have a theory that much recent tech development and innovation over the last decade or so has an unspoken overarching agenda. It has been about creating the possibility of a world with less human interaction. This tendency is, I suspect, not a bug-it's a feature.

Thursday, 12th October 2017

Brief summary: Adidas ist einer der grössten Sportartikelhersteller und auch einer der grössten Schuhproduzenten der Welt. Bisher werden solche Sportschuhe aufgrund des hohen Anteils handwerklicher Arbeiten fast ausschliesslich in Südostasien hergestellt. Nun hat Adidas eine hochautomatisierte Fabrik in Deutschland eröffnet, die mit einem Bruchteil der Arbeiter viel mehr Schuhe mit höherer Qualität herstellt. Wegen der wenigen Arbeitskräfte wird ein etwaiger Lohnkostennachteil negiert.

Adidas lässt Schuhe vom Roboter fertigen

Adidas eröffnet zusammen mit seinem Technologiepartner Oechsler erstmals wieder eine Fabrik in Deutschland. Die Fabrik in Franken ist hoch automatisiert - und soll vor allem schnell sein. Am Ende des Feldwegs hinter dem hohen Maisfeld fängt die Zukunft an. Hier, im Industriegebiet von Brodswinden, einem Ortsteil von Ansbach in Mittelfranken, steht eine sehr neue, sehr weiße Fabrikhalle.

Wednesday, 11th October 2017

Brief summary: Swiss-based start-up Sophia Genetics found a way to use artificial intelligence to diagnose cancer. Founded in 2011 as part of the Science Park of EPFL, Sofia Genetics is now based in Saint-Sulpice, and collaborates with hospitals all over the world. Since the costs and duration of the AI diagnosis are significantly lower compared to the standard procedure, this might be the future of medicine.

Swiss data analytics company Sophia Genetics could be Switzerland's next unicorn

Big Data is becoming increasingly relevant for the healthcare industry, and although it raises new challenges for data protection and data analytics, the potential for diagnostics is huge. Launched in 2011, Sophia Genetics is a Swiss-based analytics company that is using AI to accelerate diagnostics in oncology, hereditary cancer, metabolic disorders, pediatrics and cardiology via DNA sequencing, and could be the tiny mountainous country's next big win in the tech industry.

Tuesday, 10th October 2017

Brief summary: Rutger Bregman, one of Europe's most prominent young thinkers and author of 'Utopia for Realists: The Case for a Universal Basic Income, Open Borders and a 15-hour Workweek', shares his arguments for a limitation of our working hours. Apart from reducing stress and increasing our creativity, a 15-hour workweek could prevent environmental damage and human errors.

How working less could solve all our problems. Really.

Had you asked the greatest economist of the 20th century what the biggest challenge of the 21st would be, he wouldn't have had to think twice. Leisure. In the summer of 1930, just as the Great Depression was gathering momentum, British economist John Maynard Keynes gave a curious lecture in Madrid titled "Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren" - in other words, for us.

Monday, 9th October 2017

Brief summary: Mark Zuckerberg is conducting a tour of the 50 states in the United States. During his speech in Alaska he talked about the Universal Basic Income, as this state provides a similar policy. However, is it the right answer to the current threat or just a way to satisfy the hidden agenda of Mr Zuckerberg?

Mark Zuckerberg's got some cheek, advocating a universal basic income | Sonia Sodha

Some people might be happy to stop at being founder and chief of one of the world's biggest tech companies while still in their early 30s. Not Mark Zuckerberg. Facebook's CEO has spent the last couple of years casting himself in various guises.

Friday, 6th October 2017

Brief summary: Telemarketers and accountants beware. Personal trainers, dentists and the clergy are unlikely to disappear any time soon. Previous technological innovation has always delivered more long-run employment, not less. But things can change.

The future of work

What qualities do superstar companies possess? GENERAL ELECTRIC, THE product of an alliance between Thomas Edison, America's greatest inventor, and J.P. Morgan, its greatest banker, was the technology superstar of the early 20th century.

Thursday, 5th October 2017

Brief summary: Radhika Nagpal is a computer scientist who researches the functioning of collective systems in nature, such as bees, fishes and ants, to apply it to artificial intelligence. Her self-organizing robotic systems work without a leader to build two- or three-dimensional patterns according to their own collective intelligence. These robots could in the future not only construct buildings, but act as substitutes to bees, fishes and ants in order to protect the environment.

Radhika Nagpal: What intelligent machines can learn from a school of fish

Science fiction visions of the future show us AI built to replicate our way of thinking -- but what if we modeled it instead on the other kinds of intelligence found in nature? Robotics engineer Radhika Nagpal studies the collective intelligence displayed by insects and fish schools, seeking to understand their rules of engagement.

Wednesday, 4th October 2017

Brief summary: Durch innovative Software, die nicht nur Textbausteine sinnvoll zusammensetzen, sondern auch Sprachstil und Ausdruck variieren kann, wird es möglich, Journalisten zu ersetzen. Solche Roboterjournalisten werden mit den jeweiligen Daten gefüttert und kreieren Artikel, welche schnell veröffentlicht werden können. Allerdings ist es bisher fraglich, ob und inwiefern diese Maschinen auf unvorhergesehene Ereignisse angemessen reagieren können.

Automatisierter Journalismus: Nehmen Roboter Journalisten den Job weg?

oboter sind auf dem Vormarsch. In Amazons Lagerhallen sortieren sie schon Waren. In japanischen Krankenhäusern ersetzen Roboter Krankenschwestern. Und bald werden Roboterautos im Straßenverkehr unterwegs sein. Seit geraumer Zeit schreiben Roboter sogar Artikel. Als am 17.März 2014 in Los Angeles die Erde bebte, dauerte es nur drei Minuten, bis die „Los Angeles Times" die erste Meldung publizierte.

Tuesday, 3rd October 2017

Brief summary: Experts of different fields and backgrounds share their views on how humankind will stay relevant while artificial intelligence is evolving at great speed. These specialists are Tesla founder Elon Musk, professor Panagiotis Artemiadis, neuroscientist Miguel Nicolelis and professor Paul Sajda. Having different visions of the future of AI, they get to different solutions of how to make use of these new technologies and what their prospective role will be.

Elon Musk says humans must become cyborgs to stay relevant. Is he right?

Humans must become cyborgs if they are to stay relevant in a future dominated by artificial intelligence. That was the warning from Tesla founder Elon Musk, speaking at an event in Dubai this weekend. Musk argued that as artificial intelligence becomes more sophisticated, it will lead to mass unemployment.

Monday, 2nd October 2017

Brief summary: Many sectors are affected by artificial intelligence, since many of the tasks jobs consist of can be routinized and therefore performed by machines, according to Richard and Daniel Susskind. This article reveals how the agricultural sector makes use of AI through a revolutionary UK-based initiative called Hands Free Hectare. Earlier this month, the three founders of the initiative were the first people in the world to grow, tend, and harvest a crop without direct human intervention.

A Field Farmed Only by Drones

Across the United Kingdom, the last of the spring barley has been brought in from the fields, the culmination of an agricultural calendar whose rhythm has remained unchanged for millennia. But when the nineteenth-century poet John Clare wrote, in his month-by-month description of the rural year, that in September "harvest's busy hum declines," it seems unlikely that he was imagining the particular buzz-akin to an amplified mosquito-of a drone.

Tuesday, 26th September 2017

Brief summary: Garry Kasparov, a famous Russian chess player, provides insights on how humanity must deal with current developments in artificial intelligence. Kasparov lost a memorable match to IBM supercomputer Deep Blue in 1997 and now recounts this experience and how it might impact our perception of machines being more intelligent than man.

Don't fear intelligent machines. Work with them | Garry Kasparov

We must face our fears if we want to get the most out of technology -- and we must conquer those fears if we want to get the best out of humanity, says Garry Kasparov. One of the greatest chess players in history, Kasparov lost a memorable match to IBM supercomputer Deep Blue in 1997.

Tuesday, 26th September 2017

Brief summary: Aufgrund des zunehmenden Fortschritts in der Entwicklung autonomer Fahrzeuge werden Diskussionen zu deren ethischer Entscheidungsfähigkeit geführt. Jedoch ist es womöglich konstruktiver, diese Fahrzeuge nicht nach ungewissen menschlichen Moralvorstellungen zu programmieren, sondern vielmehr den Risikofaktor Mensch im Strassenverkehr zu eliminieren.

Mobilität: Autonome Fahrzeuge brauchen keine Ethik-Software | NZZ

Die Diskussionen um ethische Dilemmata bringen die Einführung autonomer Fahrzeuge nicht voran. Im Gegenteil. Die künstlichen Szenarien vermitteln ein gefährlich falsches Bild davon, wie autonomes Fahren funktioniert. Anfangs mutet es wie ein harmloses Computerspiel an: Die stark vereinfachten Zeichnungen auf dem Bildschirm zeigen einen Strassenzug. Ein blaues Auto bewegt sich auf einen Zebrastreifen zu.

Tuesday, 5th September 2017

Brief summary: "Working less should be a central aim of a prosperous and fair society."

Age of automation: what if more work is the problem, not the solution?

The Green Institute argues that shorter hours and a universal basic income would be better than more jobs.

Wednesday, 1st March 2017

Brief summary: "The idea that humans will always have a unique ability beyond the reach of non-conscious algorithms is just wishful thinking."

The rise of the useless class

The most important question in 21st-century economics may well be: What should we do with all the superfluous people, once we have highly intelligent non-conscious algorithms that can do almost everything better than humans? This is not an entirely new question. People have long feared that mechanization might cause mass unemployment.

Tuesday, 28th February 2017

Brief summary: "For centuries the Netherlands has been a byword for liberalism, religious tolerance and openness to trade. The economy is strong and egalitarian compared to most of the world. Yet Wilders has tapped into deep fears among many low-skilled workers over their jobs in a world of rapid technological change – even those who depend on global trade pioneered by the Dutch."

Robots and Immigrants Are the Enemies in Dutch Home of Populism

From the towering offices of Rotterdam's port authority, you can watch the never-ending stream of barges begin their river journeys to the Rhine and points across Europe, carrying anything from Chinese microwave ovens to iron ore from Brazil. The city that spreads below boasts Europe's biggest port, which is dependent upon the globalized economy for its success and 130,000 jobs.

Monday, 20th February 2017

Brief summary: "The speed at which AI moves is based on the amount of behavioural data it consumes, and as APIs facilitate this accumulation of customer data, open banking is going to drive the development of better (or more ubiquitous) AI solutions."

State of Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Fintech

As new technologies emerge, they tend to enhance the existing ecosystem by converging with other technologies, eventually transforming various industries. Within the realm of Fintech, the two technologies that are on the verge of transforming it are Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Thuesday, 14th February 2017

Brief summary: "In the US, the number of manufacturing jobs peaked in 1979 and has steadily decreased ever since. At the same time, manufacturing has steadily increased, with the US now producing more goods than any other country but China. Machines aren’t just taking the place of humans on the assembly line. They’re doing a better job."

The AI Threat Isn't Skynet. It's the End of the Middle Class

In February 1975, a group of geneticists gathered in a tiny town on the central coast of California to decide if their work would bring about the end of the world.

Wednesday, 8th February 2017

Brief summary: "How long will it be before you lose your job to a robot?"

Our Automated Future

There are many accounts of the genesis of Watson. The most popular, which is not necessarily the most accurate-and this is the sort of problem that Watson himself often stumbled on-begins in 2004, at a steakhouse near Poughkeepsie. One evening, an I.B.M.

Tuesday, 7th February 2017

Brief summary: "Executives of the nation's biggest corporations fear that major disruption is on the horizon."

Companies Brace for Decade of Disruption From AI

Now that many executives are finding measurable results from their Big Data initiatives, they are looking ahead and making decisions about investments in emerging capabilities such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. Executives of the nation's biggest corporations fear that major disruption is on the horizon.

Monday, 23rd January 2017

Brief summary: It's like we live in a game of Monopoly but we're no longer collecting money for passing Go. A universal basic income would correct this, writes Scott Santens.

Why we should all have a basic income

It's like we live in a game of Monopoly but we're no longer collecting money for passing Go. A universal basic income would correct this, writes Scott Santens.

Wednesday, 11th January 2017

Brief summary: Companies selling the magical speed, omnipotence, and neutrality of artificial intelligence (AI) often can’t make good on their promises without keeping people in the loop, often working invisibly in the background. A closer look whether AI is truly artificial or not.

The Humans Working Behind the AI Curtain

Just how artificial is Artificial Intelligence? Facebook created a PR firestorm last summer when reporters discovered a human “editorial team” – rather than just unbiased algorithms – selecting stories for its trending topics section.